Day 283 October 28, 2011 - History

Day 283 October 28, 2011 - History

President Barack Obama shows students from Johnson College Prep in Chicago, Ill., and their principal, Dr. Garland Thomas, a model of Samuel Morse's telegraph patent in the Oval Office, during their visit to the White House, Oct. 28, 2011. (

Daily Readings

Reading 1

Paul, an Apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God,
to the holy ones who are in Ephesus
and faithful in Christ Jesus:
grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
who has blessed us in Christ
with every spiritual blessing in the heavens,
as he chose us in him, before the foundation of the world,
to be holy and without blemish before him.
In love he destined us for adoption to himself through Jesus Christ,
in accord with the favor of his will,
for the praise of the glory of his grace
that he granted us in the beloved.

In Christ we have redemption by his Blood,
the forgiveness of transgressions,
in accord with the riches of his grace that he lavished upon us.
In all wisdom and insight, he has made known to us
the mystery of his will in accord with his favor
that he set forth in him as a plan for the fullness of times,
to sum up all things in Christ, in heaven and on earth.

Responsorial Psalm

R. (2a) The Lord has made known his salvation.
Sing to the LORD a new song,
for he has done wondrous deeds
His right hand has won victory for him,
his holy arm.
R. The Lord has made known his salvation.
The LORD has made his salvation known:
in the sight of the nations he has revealed his justice.
He has remembered his kindness and his faithfulness
toward the house of Israel.
R. The Lord has made known his salvation.
All the ends of the earth have seen
the salvation by our God.
Sing joyfully to the LORD, all you lands
break into song sing praise.
R. The Lord has made known his salvation.
Sing praise to the LORD with the harp,
with the harp and melodious song.
With trumpets and the sound of the horn
sing joyfully before the King, the LORD.
R. The Lord has made known his salvation.

Past weather events

Extremes of temperature New
Late March to early April
The UK experienced a brief spell of unusual warmth at the end of March, with temperatures reaching 24 °C, followed by a cold plunge of Arctic Maritime air in early April bringing widespread hard frosts and some snow .

Snow and low temperatures including storm Darcy
7 to 13 February
The UK experienced a spell of bitterly cold east winds bringing low temperatures and lying snow to many eastern areas. Temperatures fell below -20 °C at three stations in Scotland with the UK&aposs lowest temperature since December 1995  .

Storm Christoph
18 to 20 January
Storm Christoph brought some exceptionally wet weather to North Wales and northern England, with some areas receiving around the January whole-month long-term average rainfall .

Storm Bella
26 to 27 December
Storm Bella was a large, deep area of low pressure in the North Atlantic bringing heavy rain and strong winds across the UK .

Storm Aiden
31 October
Storm Aiden was part of a spell of turbulent, wet and windy weather to affect the UK from late October to early November .

Storm Alex and heavy rain
2 to 4 October
Storm Alex brought strong winds to the southern half of the UK, while 3 October 2020 was the wettest day on record since 1891 for UK-wide rainfall with average rainfall of 31.7mm across the entire UK .

Storms Ellen and Francis
19 to 21 August 25 August
Storms Ellen and Francis were two of the most notable August storms in the UK in the last 50 years, with gusts of 50 to 60Kt in exposed coastal locations .

Extreme rainfall, Norfolk New
16 August
Thunderstorms affected parts of East Anglia on 16th August. A rain-gauge in East Wretham, Norfolk recorded a remarkable daily total of 239.9mm .

Thunderstorms north-east Scotland
11 to 12 August
North-east Scotland experienced thunderstorms and torrential downpours bringing 30 to 50mm or more of rain in 3 hours or less, causing flash-flooding .

Southern England heatwave
Early August
Temperatures exceeded 34  °C  across  parts of the south-east for six consecutive days and there were several &apostropical nights&apos with the overnight temperature remaining above 20  °C  .

Exceptionally hot day
31 July
The temperature reached 37.8  °C at Heathrow making this the UK&aposs third hottest day on record .

Storm Jorge
28 February to 1 March
Storm Jorge brought further strong winds and heavy rain in late-February. Jorge was less severe than storms Ciara or Dennis but the additional rain exacerbated flooding problems .

Storm Dennis
15 to 16 February
Heavy rain from storm Dennis caused widespread flooding. 50 to 100mm of rain fell across western upland parts of the UK and the Met Office issued a Red Warning for parts of south Wales.

Storm Ciara
8 to 9 February
Strong winds and heavy rain from Ciara, one of the most powerful storms of the last few years, brought widespread disruption across the UK. West Yorkshire was among the areas worst affected by flooding.

Storms Atiyah and Brendan
8 to 9 December 2019 13 to 14 January 2020
Storm Atiyah brought strong winds to Wales and south-west England, while storm Brendan was a deep Atlantic low pressure system bringing strong winds and heavy rain across the UK.

Record-breaking temperature
28 December
18.7 °C was recorded at Achfary (Sutherland), the UK&aposs highest December temperature on record.

Severe flooding South Yorkshire
7 November
Severe flooding affected parts of South Yorkshire and Derbyshire after a whole month&aposs average rain fell in 24 hours.

Strong winds
2 November
An area of low pressure brought very strong winds to south Wales and the south coast with a gust of 95 Kt (109 mph) at Needles Old Battery, Isle of Wight.

Persistent wet weather
Late October
A slow moving front brought persistent heavy rain across parts of England and Wales.

Wet weather spell and Storm Lorenzo
Late September to early October
A spell of wet weather during late September was followed by Storm Lorenzo on 3 October.

Torrential downpours
30 to 31 July
Parts of North Yorkshire, south Manchester and the Pennines experienced flash-flooding following torrential downpours with some locations recording 40 to 60mm of rain in one hour.

Record-breaking heatwave
July 2019
On 25 July, 38.7 °C at Cambridge Botanic Garden set a new UK temperature record.

Heavy rainfall
June 2019
The UK experienced a spell of very wet weather in mid-June. Parts of Lincolnshire received 2.5 times the monthly average rainfall in 3 days.

Storm Hannah
26 to 27 April
Storm Hannah was one of the most significant April storms in the last 50 years, with exposed locations in west Wales recording gusts of over 60 Kt (69 mph).

Storm Gareth
10 to 16 March
The UK experienced a turbulent week of very wet and windy weather including storm Gareth.

Storm Freya
3 to 4 March
Storm Freya brought strong winds and heavy rain to England, Wales and southern Scotland.

Exceptional warmth
21 to 27 February
The UK experienced some exceptionally high temperatures for the time of year with 21.2 °C at Kew Gardens (London) on 26 February the highest temperature on record for a winter month .

Storm Erik
8 to 9 February
Storm Erik was a deep Atlantic low pressure system bringing strong winds to the UK. Much of the country recorded gusts over 50mph (58Kt).

Storm Deirdre
15 to 16 December
Storm Deirdre brought strong winds and freezing rain to western and northern parts of the UK.

Storm Callum
11 to 13 October
Storm Callum brought strong winds and persistent heavy rain to western parts of the UK, with south Wales particularly badly affected by flooding.

Storms Ali and Bronagh
19 to 21 September
Storm Ali brought very strong winds and heavy rain to Scotland and Northern Ireland, followed by storm Bronagh which brought very heavy rain to England and Wales.

Summer 2018
Summer 2018 brought plenty of warm, dry, sunny weather with the UK often under the influence of high pressure.

Storm Hector
14 June
Storm Hector brought some unseasonably strong winds to the UK. The strongest winds were across Northern Ireland, North Wales, northern England and southern Scotland.

Hot spell
18 to 22 April
The UK experienced some unusually high temperatures for the time of year with high pressure over the near continent drawing very warm air from the south.

Snow and low temperatures
Late February to early March
The UK experienced a spell of severe winter weather with very low temperatures and significant snowfalls from late February to early March 2018.

Ex-Hurricane Ophelia
On 16 October Ex-Hurricane Ophelia brought very strong winds to the west of the UK and Ireland. This date fell on the exact 30th anniversary of the Great Storm of 1987.

Hot, sunny spell
A spell of hot, sunny weather from 17 to 21 June led to the UK&aposs highest June temperature since 1976.

Strong winds and heavy rain from storm Angus
The first named storm of the 2016-2017 season brought some damaging winds to the south coast, accompanied by heavy rain causing flooding mainly across parts of south-west England.

Exceptional warmth, September 2016
A  brief heatwave from 12 to 15 September brought some exceptionally high temperatures accompanied by flash-flooding.

Flooding in Cumbria December 2015
Persistent heavy rainfall from storm Desmond on 4 to 6 December led to widespread flooding in Cumbria and across other parts of northern Britain.

Heatwave 1 July 2015
1 July
The UK experienced a 1-day heatwave as hot air moved north from Spain, setting a new July temperature record.

Winter storms, January to February 2014
Late January to mid-February
From late January to mid-February, a sequence of major winter storms again affected the UK, causing widespread impacts and major flooding problems.

Winter storms, December 2013 to January 2014
December to early January 2014
From mid-December to early January, the UK experienced a spell of extreme weather as a succession of major winter storms brought widespread impacts.

Autumn storm, October 2013
28 October
A powerful autumn storm brought damaging winds across much of southern England on 28 October 2013.

Hot dry spell July 2013
From 3 to 23 July 2013 the UK experienced a spell of hot, sunny weather with an area of high pressure established across the UK.

Snow and low temperatures late March 2013
Late March to early April
A spell of severe winter weather brought significant snowfalls and unseasonably low temperatures to many parts of the UK from late March to early April 2013.

Record rainfall - April to July 2012 
April to July 2012
From April to July 2012 the UK experienced a period of exceptionally wet weather, breaking previous rainfall records.

England and Wales drought 2010 to 2012 
2010 to March 2012
Much of central, eastern and southern England and Wales experienced a prolonged period of below average rainfall from 2010 to early 2012.

Winter storms, early January 2012 
A major winter storm brought very strong winds across much of the UK on 3 January 2012. The worst affected area was southern Scotland.

Early winter storms, late 2011
Late November to mid December
On 8 December 2011, a deep Atlantic low pressure system brought very strong winds across the northern half of the UK. Scotland bore the brunt of the storm.

Exceptionally warm and dry Spring 2011
Spring 2011 (March, April and May)
This period was remarkable for the unusual warmth during April and the persistent lack of rainfall during March and April, particularly over England and Wales.

Hi, and welcome to our National Awareness Days website. Here you will find out about national awareness days, weeks and months and when they take place along with interesting stuff about their history, and helpful information about how you can get involved as well as ideas for your own events.

There is a distinction to be made between national days and awareness days. Usually awareness days are health related, and help raise awareness of cancers and illnesses, and also around these days charities collect money. And we mustn't forget all the international days that take place each year. Their purpose is to raise awareness of important humanitarian, cultural, social and political issues around the world.

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Awareness days are both serious and great fun. They are can be about supporting a charity and cover diverse subjects, World Aids Day, National Infertility Awareness Week and International Blood Cancer Awareness Month. The fun side is, for example, a sponsored walk with your friends to raise money for your chosen charity. This site will let you know when and how to take part in these types of activities.

National days generally have a fun, or quirky side to them, and are, in some cases staged by commercial organisations to help promote their products and services. But, they often have a serious side too and any donations received as part of any events held on the national day are often given to associated charities by these companies.

There are however many national days which are just for fun, for example, International Talk Like A Pirate Day is a growing fun day celebrated by many students across the western world. Participants dress up as pirates and attempt to talk to each other in pirate speak while swilling flagons of ale.

Do you have a great idea for starting a new awareness day? Well, we can give you some advice on what you need and how you can get started at our Starting your Day page, or if you already have a day that is not listed, then visit the Your Day page for more details.

Whatever you are looking for this site aims to list it and help you find it, we hope you enjoy checking all the National Awareness Days out.

The Dead Sea

The Dead Sea is so named because its high salinity discourages the growth of fish, plants, and other wildlife. This salt lake resides in a depression in the Earth's crust, where the continents of Africa and Asia are pulling away from each other. It has pulled in visitors and industries for thousands of years.

The Dead Sea is the lowest surface feature on Earth, sitting roughly 1,300 feet (400 meters) below sea level. On a hot, dry summer day, the water level can drop as much as one inch (two to three centimeters) because of evaporation.

The false-color images above were captured by the Landsat 1, 4, and 7 satellites. The Multispectral Scanner System on Landsat 1 acquired the top image on September 15, 1972. The middle image was acquired on August 27, 1989, by the Thematic Mapper on Landsat 4. The third image is from the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus on Landsat 7 on October 11, 2011.

All three images include a combination of near-infrared, red, and green wavelengths. Deep waters are blue or dark blue, while brighter blues indicate shallow waters or salt ponds (in the south). The pale pink and sand-colored regions are barren desert landscapes, while green indicates sparsely vegetated lands. Denser vegetation appears bright red. Near the center is the Lisan Peninsula, which forms a land bridge through the Dead Sea.

The ancient Egyptians used salts from the Dead Sea for mummification, fertilizers, and potash (a potassium-based salt). In the modern age, sodium chloride and potassium salts culled from the sea are used for water conditioning, road de-icing, and the manufacturing of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics. The expansion of massive salt evaporation projects are clearly visible over the span of 39 years.

The region is also famous for its historical and religious significance. Between 1947 and 1956, a series of 972 ancient papyrus-and-ink texts were discovered in caverns near the sea&rsquos northeastern shore. These &ldquoDead Sea Scrolls&rdquo are some of the oldest preserved fragments of the Hebrew Bible and other Judeo-Christian texts.

NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) jointly manage Landsat, and the USGS preserves a 40-year archive of Landsat images that is freely available data over the Internet. The next Landsat satellite&mdashnow known as the Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM)&mdashis scheduled for launch in January 2013.

NASA image by Robert Simmon, using Landsat data from the United States Geological Survey. Caption by Aries Keck and Mike Carlowicz.

Delivering excellence for our customers.


Armagh Observatory and Planetarium were out today (Thursday 10 June) to capture&hellip

May 2021 Weather in Armagh


Engage your students in STEM learning through the awe and wonder of space

Armagh Observatory and Planetarium are a regional hub for education and knowledg&hellip

Born This Day In History 5th October

Celebrating Birthdays Today
Bob Geldof
Born: 5th October 1951 Dún Laoghaire, Ireland
Known For : Bob Geldof known for a string of number 1 hits with the Boom Town Rats in the 70s and 80s including "Rat Trap" and "I Don't Like Mondays". Possibly even better known for his work mobilizing the pop world to do something about the news reports about starving children in Ethiopia by getting pop artists to provide time and talent to create 'Do They Know It's Christmas?' as Band Aid (1984) and give the proceeds to help the starving in Africa. In 1985 he was also the driving force to create the Live Aid Concerts at Wembley Stadium in London and John F. Kennedy Stadium in Philadelphia, and to continue to apply pressure on the worlds politicians The Live 8 concerts in 2005.

Steve Miller
Born: 5th October 1943 Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
Known For : Steve Miller of the Steve Miller Band who recorded a number of hit singles and successful albums from the mid-1970's through the early 1980's including the hits The Joker (73), Rock'n Me (76), Fly Like An Eagle (76), Abracadabra (82).

Chester Alan Arthur
Born: October 5, 1829, Fairfield, Vermont
Died: November 18, 1886, New York, New York
Known For : Chester Arthur assumed the US Presidency following the assassination of James Garfield. He was in office from 1881 to 1885. Prior to his presidency he was a major participant in New York state politics.

Day 283 October 28, 2011 - History

On this International Migrants Day, let us seize the opportunity of the recovery from the pandemic to implement the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, reimagine human mobility, enable migrants to reignite economies at home and abroad and build more inclusive and resilient societies.”

UN Secretary-General António Guterres

Throughout human history, migration has been a courageous expression of the individual’s will to overcome adversity and to live a better life. Today, globalization, together with advances in communications and transportation, has greatly increased the number of people, who have the desire and the capacity to move to other places.

This new era has created challenges and opportunities for societies throughout the world. It also has served to underscore the clear linkage between migration and development, as well as the opportunities it provides for co-development, that is, the concerted improvement of economic and social conditions at both origin and destination.

Migration draws increasing attention in the world nowadays. Mixed with elements of unforeseeability, emergency, and complexity, the challenges and difficulties of international migration require enhanced cooperation and collective action among countries and regions. The United Nations is actively playing a catalyst role in this area, with the aim of creating more dialogues and interactions within countries and regions, as well as propelling experience exchange and collaboration opportunities.

2020 Theme: Reimagining Human Mobility

Migrants contribute their knowledge, networks, and skills to build stronger, more resilient communities. During the past months, migrants have been at the forefront of the fight against COVID-19. Their work in health, transportation and food services made our lives under lockdown more bearable.

However, like many who find themselves living on the margins of society, migrants are disproportionately affected by COVID-19 through job losses, evictions and discrimination. Millions of migrants are stranded, often without income or shelter, unable to return home due to COVID-19 mobility restrictions, and they also face increased risks of trafficking and exploitation.

The pandemic cannot be used as an excuse to rollback commitments to promote and protect the rights of migrants regardless of their legal status. It cannot become an excuse for the increased use of detention, often in overcrowded conditions, and the forced return of migrants to their countries of origin without due process, in many cases in violation of international law.

People on the move hope for a brighter future. It is our collective responsibility to create a safer, more resilient world.

Migration should be a choice, not a necessity. On #MigrantsDay, let’s reaffirm our commitment to safe and dignified migration for all.

Глобальная платформа для ваших кампаний

20 апреля 2020 года на официальном сайте ФГБУ НМИЦ онкологии им. Н. Н. Петрова Минздрава России была опубликована информация, что
Губернатор Санкт-Петербурга Беглов А. Д. хочет перепрофилировать НМИЦ онкологии им. Н. Н. Петрова в больницу для лечения пациентов с COVID-19

Центр Н. Н. Петрова один из последних открытых для приема и лечения пациентов всех видов и стадий онкологических заболеваний со всей России и стран СНГ. Ежемесячно в центре проходят лечение более 1200 человек, в том числе пожилые и дети.

Нас, пациентов, в мае 2020 года хотят выкинуть на улицу без продолжения лечения. В регионах соответсвующее высокотехнологичное лечение получить невозможно. А прерывание лечения по протоколам, утвержденным Минздравом РФ, угрожает жизни и здоровью.

В связи с этим мы просим вас поддержать петицию не перепрофилировать центр Н. Н. Петрова в больницу для лечения пациентов с коронавирусной инфекцией.

С госинспектора, защищавшего заповедник от браконьеров, сняли обвинения

Ветеран Зинаида Антоновна Корнеева получила награду от президента за вклад в благотворительность

Сбербанк адаптировал свой онлайн сервис для незрячих людей

Природный заказник "Воробьевы горы" спасен от коммерческой застройки

The United Nations is committed to strengthening tolerance by fostering mutual understanding among cultures and peoples. This imperative lies at the core of the United Nations Charter, as well as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and is more important than ever in this era of rising and violent extremism and widening conflicts that are characterized by a fundamental disregard for human life.

In 1996, the UN General Assembly (by resolution 51/95) invited UN Member States to observe the International Day for Tolerance on 16 November. This action followed up on the United Nations Year for Tolerance, 1995, proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993 at the initiative of UNESCO, as outlined in the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance and Follow-up Plan of Action for the Year.

UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence

In 1995, to mark the United Nations Year for Tolerance and the 125th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, UNESCO created a prize for the promotion of tolerance and non-violence. The UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence rewards significant activities in the scientific, artistic, cultural or communication fields aimed at the promotion of a spirit of tolerance and non-violence.

The prize is awarded every two years on the International Day for Tolerance, 16 November. The Prize may be awarded to institutions, organizations or persons, who have contributed in a particularly meritorious and effective manner to tolerance and non-violence.

Centre Résolution Conflits receives UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize 2020

Centre Résolution Conflits (CRC) from the Democratic Republic in Congo is recognized for its work for the defence of human rights, its tireless commitment to the rescue of child soldiers from militia groups, and their rehabilitation and reintegration into their home communities.


For its fiftieth anniversary on 16 November 1995, UNESCO's Member States adopted a Declaration of Principles on Tolerance. Among other things, the Declaration affirms that tolerance is respect and appreciation of the rich variety of our world's cultures, our forms of expression and ways of being human. Tolerance recognizes the universal human rights and fundamental freedoms of others. People are naturally diverse only tolerance can ensure the survival of mixed communities in every region of the globe.

The Declaration qualifies tolerance not only as a moral duty, but also as a political and legal requirement for individuals, groups and States. It emphasizes that States should draft new legislation when necessary to ensure equality of treatment and of opportunity for all groups and individuals in society.

Education for tolerance should aim at countering influences that lead to fear and exclusion of others and should help young people develop capacities for independent judgement, critical thinking and ethical reasoning. The diversity of our world's many religions, languages, cultures and ethnicities is not a pretext for conflict, but is a treasure that enriches us all.

A Day with Gandhi

In 1994, UNESCO marked the 125th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi's birth paving the way for the proclamation of 16 November as the International Day for Tolerance by the UN. This illustrative book pays tribute to the values of the Mahatma of peace, non-violence and equality.

How Can Intolerance Be Countered?

  • Laws: Governments are responsible for enforcing human rights laws, for banning and punishing hate crimes and discrimination and for ensuring equal access to dispute settlement.
  • Education: Laws are necessary but not sufficient for countering intolerance, greater emphasis needs to be placed on educating more and better.
  • Access to information: The most efficient way to limit the influence of hatemongers is to promote press freedom and press pluralism, in order to allow the public to differentiate between facts and opinions.
  • Individual awareness: Intolerance breeds intolerance. In order to fight intolerance individuals should become aware of the link between their behaviour and the vicious cycle of mistrust and violence in society.
  • Local solutions: When confronted with an escalation of intolerance around us, we must not wait for governments and institutions to act alone. We are all part of the solution.

Tolerance is respect, acceptance and appreciation of the rich diversity of our world's cultures, our forms of expression and ways of being human."

Declaration of Principles on Tolerance


‘YouTubers’ putting a stop to intolerance

L-FRESH, an Australian-born, Sikh artist, born to Indian immigrants, strives to break down cultural barriers by drawing from his multinational background and creating hip-hop lyrics based on his day-to-day experience.



  • General Assembly: International Day for Tolerance
  • General Assembly: International Year for Tolerance
  • General Assembly: Alliance of Civilizations
  • UNESCO: Declaration of Principles on Tolerance
  • UNESCO: Integrated Strategy to Combat Racism, Discrimination, Xenophobia and Intolerance
  • UNESCO: Manual for developing intercultural competencies: story circles

Related Websites

Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights


UNAOC celebrates its 15th Anniversary

The UN launched the Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) to fill a policy gap in the governance of cultural diversity, which was threatened by violent extremism, polarization, and manifestations of intolerance, xenophobia, and racism.


PLURAL+ is a youth video festival that encourages and empowers global youth to explore the pressing social issues of migration, diversity, social inclusion, and the prevention of xenophobia and to share their creative vision with the world. Launched in 2009, PLURAL+ is a joint initiative of the UNAOC and the IOM, with a network of more than 50 partner organizations around the globe. #Pluralplus20

International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures

The current surge of flaring conflicts, acts of violence and intolerance demands urgent actions. Peoples and nations must join forces for the development of a universal global consciousness free from stereotypes and prejudices. The International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures (2013-2022) is a commitment to consider new articulations between cultural diversity and universal values.

Why do we mark International Days?

International days and weeks are occasions to educate the public on issues of concern, to mobilize political will and resources to address global problems, and to celebrate and reinforce achievements of humanity. The existence of international days predates the establishment of the United Nations, but the UN has embraced them as a powerful advocacy tool. We also mark other UN observances.

Watch the video: October 15 - This Day in History