Queen Ahmose-Merytamun

Queen Ahmose-Merytamun


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In an investigation in 2011, 52 mummies were scanned about half of them indicated signs of occluded arteries.

She was found with blockages in five major arteries. In fact this mummy is the earliest known sufferer of coronary atherosclerosis. CT scans uncovered calcium deposits elsewhere in the bodies that are indicative of artery damage. But the study team could not confirm that any of the mummies died of heart disease as it is not possible to determine cause of death in ancient remains

She lived on a diet rich in vegetables, fruit and a limited amount of meat from domesticated animals. Wheat and barley bread and beer were her dietary staples.

According to studies, she was a relatively old women when she died she was a fairly short as well.


Ahmose-Meritamón

Ahmose-Meritamón, reina de la dinastía XVIII exipcia, bien pocu conocida.

Yera la hermana y la Gran Esposa Real del segundu rei d'esta dinastía, Amenhotep I y, por tanto, fía del faraón Amosis I y de la reina Ahmose-Nefertari. Paez ser que tenía delles hermanes mayores, pero nenguna d'elles casaríase col so hermanu por cuenta de que morrieron primero qu'ésti asumiera'l tronu.

Ahmose-Meritamón ocupó'l cargu de Esposa del dios y foi la eterna y silenciosa acompañante del so home, pero, pa desgracia so, nun pudo traer al mundu nengún renuevu conocíu que llegara a edá adulta y pudiera asoceder al so padre. Quiciabes por ello Amenhotep "castigó" a la so esposa a nun apaecer en tantos documentos históricos, sosprendiendo a los exiptólogos que siempres tea xuntu al rei en cuenta de la so muyer, la so madre la gran reina Ahmose-Nefertari.

Por ello, a la muerte de Amenhotep I ocupó'l tronu Thutmose I, que bien podía ser un fíu del difuntu con una esposa secundaria o bien baxar per otra vía de la familia de Ahmose. Cuando morrió la reina Ahmose-Meritamón (ignoramos si foi antes o dempués que'l so home), foi soterrada nuna tumba entá por afayar, pero la so momia acabaría per llegar al escondederu de DB320, pa ponela a salvo de los saquiadores de tumbes. Y ellí foi onde s'atopó a finales del sieglu XIX, siendo'l so sarcófagu doble de madera policromada unu de los más bellos d'aquel máxicu llugar onde s'atopaben reis, reines, príncipes, princeses y sacerdotes.

Por más que munches fontes afirmen qu'Amenhotep I nun tuvo casáu con Ahmose-Meritamón, y que la so gran esposa real yera una tal Ahhotep II, esta información ye incierta, pos nun esiste nenguna Ahhotep que viviera entós daquella na familia real. Foi Ahmose-Meritamón la segunda reina de la XVIII Dinastía.

Giovanni Belzoni, cuando taba trabayando en Karnak, en 1817, afayó un gran fragmentu d'una estatua colosal de Ahmose-Meritamón, en piedra caliar. La estatua curiar nel British Museum. [1]


Death and burial

Her remains were discovered at Deir el-Bahri in TT358 in 1930 by Herbert Eustis Winlock. Her mummy was found in two cedarwood coffins and a cartonage outer case. Her mummy had been rewrapped and reburied by priests who had found her tomb that had been vandalized by robbers. It appears that she died when she was relatively young, with evidence of being afflicted with arthritis and scoliosis.

The outer coffin (now in the Egyptian Museum, JE 53140) is over 10 ft in size and is made from cedar planks which are joined and carved to a uniform thickness throughout the coffin. The eyes and eyebrows are inlaid with glass. The body is carefully carved with chevrons painted in blue to create the illusion of feathers. The coffin was covered in gold which had been stripped in antiquity. The inner coffin was smaller, but still over 6 ft tall. The inner coffin had also been covered in gold but stripped of this precious metal. The mummy had been carefully rewrapped during the reign of Pinedjem I. Inscriptions record that the linen used in the reburial was made in year 18 of Pinedjem by the High Priest of Amun Masaharta, son of Pinedjem I. The reburial took place in year 19, month 3 of the winter, day 28.


Ahmose I, Queen of Egypt

Queen Ahmose was the Ancient Egyptian royal queen of pharaoh, Thutmose I, and the mother of queen and later, pharaoh, Hatshepsut. Ahmose was the Great Royal Wife of Thutmose I, a military general whose rise to pharaoh was likely assured because of her marriage to him. It is not known with certainty whether Princes Amenmose and Wadjmose were her sons or that of Mutnofret. Both of them and Ahmose's elder daughter, Neferubity, are thought to have died before their father's death.

Queen Ahmose, her husband, and oldest daughter

Records of Ancient Egypt regarding Ahmose are not certain as yet, it is possible that she was the royal granddaughter of Queen Ahmose-Nefertari and the daughter of Amenhotep I of Egypt or, that she was the royal daughter of king Ahmose and queen Ahmose-Nefertari, and a sister of Amenhotep I. She also had a daughter, Mutnofret, who soon had many sons with her husband Thutmose.

Amenhotep I probably came to power while he was still young himself, and his mother, Ahmose-Nefertari, was regent for him until he reached maturity.[1] This is evidenced because both his mother and he are credited with opening a worker village at the site of Deir el-Medina.[1] This would never have been recorded as such if she had not been regent. Later, Amenhotep took for his Great Royal Wife, his sister, Ahmose-Meritamon.[2]

The second royal daughter of Ahmose, Hatshepsut, was thought to be very close to her parents, being placed into important administrative positions in the government, including the chief advisory role to her father. She survived her father and became the influential royal queen of Thutmose II, and then later, to rule in her own right as one of Egypt's greatest pharaohs.

Ahmesz (királyné) [szerkeszt%C3%A9s]

Ahmesz (vagy Jahmesz 𠇪 Hold gyermeke”) királyné az ókori egyiptomi XVIII. dinasztia idején, I. Thotmesz felesége, Hatsepszut anyja.[1]

Származása nem tisztázott mivel ő volt a f𕇾lesége férjének, a nem királyi származású Thotmesznek, feltételezték, hogy Thotmesz az Ahmesszel kötött házasságával erősítette meg trónigényét.[2] Ahmesz egyik címe 𠇪 király testvére”, de amennyiben ez azt jelentené, hogy az előző uralkodó, I. Amenhotep testvére volt, akkor viselnie kellene 𠇪 király leánya” címet is. Egy másik elmélet szerint Ahmesz Thotmesz testvére volt, és a fáraó trónra lépésekor kötöttek házasságot, követve a hagyományt, hogy a fáraó a testvérét veszi el. Ez esetben Thotmesz egyetlen királyi származású felesége Mutnofret volt.[3][4]

Hatsepszuton kívül egyedül Noferubiti hercegnőről tudni biztosan, hogy Ahmesz és Thotmesz közös gyermeke a fiúk közül II. Thotmesznek biztosan, Amenmoszénak, Uadzsmesznek és Ramoszénak valószínűleg Mutnofret volt az anyja.[5]

Ahmeszt ปrázolják t󶮾k közt a lánya, Hatsepszut Ámon istentől való fogantatását és születését bemutató jeleneteken a Deir el-Bahari-i templomban.[6] II. Thotmesz uralkodása alatt még életben volt, ugyanis együtt ปrázolták a fáraóval és Hatsepszuttal.


Ahmose-Meritamun

Ahmose-Meritamun hay Ahmose-Meritamon (nghĩa là "Đứa con của thần Mặt trăng, được Amun yêu quý") là một Vương hậu Ai Cập cổ đại của Vương triều thứ 18. Bà là Trung cung của Pharaon Amenhotep I, người vợ duy nhất được biết tên của ông [1] .

Ahmose-Meritamun là con gái của pharaon Ahmose I và Vương hậu Ahmose-Nefertari. Bà là chị em ruột với Amenhotep I, cũng chính là chồng bà sau này. Meritamun kế thừa danh hiệu "Vợ của thần Amun" từ mẹ mình, bà còn nhận nhiều danh hiệu của một vị Vương hậu của Ai Cập cổ đại, như: "Người vợ vĩ đại của Pharaoh", "Nữ thần của 2 vùng đất", "Con gái của Pharaoh" cùng "Chị và em gái của Pharaoh". Ngoài ra, bà còn được phong danh hiệu "Mẹ của Pharaoh", mặc dù bà không sinh được một người con nào kế vị cho Amenhotep I [2] .

Một bức tượng bằng đá vôi của bà được tìm thấy bởi nhà Ai Cập học Giovanni Belzoni (1778 – 1823) khi ông đang làm việc tại Karnak vào năm 1817 [3] . Vương hậu Meritamun cũng được khắc họa trên tường mộ của một người công nhân tên Inherkau cùng với các pharaon, Vương hậu và các hoàng tử, công chúa của ba triều đại, từ 18 đến 20 [1] .

Bà cũng được truy phong là "Chúa tể của phương Tây" (danh hiệu dành tặng cho các Pharaon và Vương hậu sau khi qua đời) [1] .

Xác ướp của Vương hậu Meritamun được tìm thấy tại ngôi mộ TT358 (thuộc Deir el-Bahri) vào năm 1930 bởi nhà khảo cổ Herbert Eustis Winlock. Không rõ ngôi mộ thực sự của bà ở đâu. Do nạn trộm cắp từ những ngôi mộ hoàng gia nên bà được đưa về đây bởi các thầy tư tế. Bà chết khi còn khá trẻ, tầm dưới 30 tuổi, do mắc chứng viêm khớp và vẹo cột sống [4] .

Xác ướp của Vương hậu nằm trong 2 lớp quan tài bằng gỗ tuyết tùng mạ vàng và một lớp mặt nạ bằng giấy cói (hoặc vải lanh) trộn thạch cao phủ ngoài. Lớp quan tài ngoài cùng đã bị lấy cắp từ thời cổ đại, chỉ còn lại một lớp quan tài bên trong, nhưng cũng bị cạo sạch lớp vàng. Xác ướp được quấn lại một lần nữa vào triều đại của vua Pinedjem I. Các văn tự cổ ghi rằng, việc cải táng được thực hiện bởi "Thầy tư tế cấp cao của Amun", hoàng tử Masaharta, con của Pinedjem I [5] .


Was Ahmose I Moses? An Opinion By One Of Our Readers, “Iggy”.

The 18th dynasty Pharaoh’s reign coincide directly with the reign of Solomon. The Exodus occurred exactly 480 (479 literal BC years when adjusted for inclusive counting) years before the temple was built by Solomon.

I think Kamose was the pharoah of the Exodus.

(Google the Kamose stele/s and the English interpretations). And I think AHMOSE 1 was Moses. (See the Ahmose Stele and it’s interpretation)
Ahmose-Nefertari was the daughter of the 17th Dynasty pharaoh, Seqenenre Tao II and his wife, Ahhotep I. She was the sister and Great Royal Wife of Ahmose I, the founder of the 18th Dynasty.

Ahmose-Nefertari and Ahmose I are believed to have had three sons – a stela from Karnak depicts the queen with a son named Ahmose-ankh, and the mummified body of a second son, Siamum, was found in the Deir el-Bahri mummy cache. She is also the mother of Amenhotep I, who later became pharaoh. Another prince named Ramose may also be a son of Ahmose-Nefertari. The queen is known to have given birth to at least two daughters, Ahmose-Meritamun (who later became the wife of her brother, Amenhotep I) and Ahmose-Sitamun. Mutnofret, the wife of Thutmose I, may also be the daughter of Ahmose-Nefertari.

The queen held many titles, including ‘hereditary princess’, ‘great of grace’, ‘great of praises’, ‘king’s mother’, ‘great king’s wife’, ‘god’s wife’, ‘united with the white crown’, ‘king’s daughter’, and ‘king’s sister’, which indicate that she held a prominent place at court. Furthermore, the influential offices of ‘SECOND PROPHET OF AMUN’ and ‘Divine Adoratrice’ were bestowed upon the queen by Ahmose I.

AHMOSE 1 WAS NAMED AFTER THE PHARAOH’S DAUGHTER THAT RESCUED HIM. HE IS MOSES. I think it’s almost a no-brainer…


From queen to goddess

Following tradition, Ahmose took his sister as his wife. Like the matriarchs preceding her, Queen Ahmose Nefertari was well prepared to rule because she had witnessed firsthand the hardships involved. As a young princess, she had witnessed her father’s death in the offensive against the Hyksos, her brother and husband’s ascension to the throne as a child, her mother’s regency, and her family’s victory over the foreign invaders.

From her mother she inherited the strength and energy needed to rule as queen, supervising the transition to the period of peace and harmony from wartime. As an intimate counselor to her husband, Ahmose Nefertari played a leading political role in the building of a reunified Egypt during their son Amenhotep I’s reign, consolidating the family’s rise from a southern to a united dynasty. (Learn which other royal families practiced incest.)

Ahmose Nefertari came to play an important role in Egyptian religion. She was given the title “Wife of the God,” which reflected her privileged position among the priests of the god Amun in Thebes. Reflecting the rise in Theban influence, Amun—until then a regional deity—was becoming the most powerful god in the whole of Egypt. The bestowal of this title, confirming the queen’s political and religious power, is described on the so-called Donation Stela, which was erected in the Temple of Amun in Karnak.

The stela served as a legal document that established the role the queen was to play in the temple, together with a large donation of land and goods by Pharaoh Ahmose to the queen and her heirs. The function of the new title was priestly, which gave her high social standing and, more important, allowed her to participate in the lives of the gods, thus giving her divine protection against danger.

Ahmose Nefertari was also notably involved in monitoring and supervising construction. Her name is on texts recording the opening of mines and quarries, whose wealth would underwrite the achievements of the 18th dynasty. Together with her son Amenhotep I, she was traditionally regarded as the patron of what is today known as Deir el Medina, the village for craftsmen working on the construction of royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings.


Queen Ahhotep I

Osirid Figure of Ahhotep, ca. 1479?1458 B.C., Wood, paint, H. 17.5 cm (6 7/8 in.) W. 1.8 cm (11/16 in.) D. 4 cm (1 9/16 in.). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Rogers Fund, 1936 (36.3.231)

Queen Ahhotep I was the daughter of Queen Tetisheri, the wife of her brother Seqenenre Taa II, and the mother of Ahmose I and Queen Ahmose Nefertari. She is also thought to have been the mother of the princes Ahmose Sipair and Binpu and the princesses Ahmose-Henutemipet, Ahmose-Nebetta, Ahmose-Meritamun, and Ahmose-Tumerisy.

Sequenenre Taa was killed fighting the Hyksos and was succeeded by Kamose, once thought to his son but now generally considered to be his brother or a prominent soldier in his army. When he too was killed fighting the Hyksos, Ahhotep rallied the troops and maintained the pressure on the invaders until her son Ahmose was old enough to take over.

There was a break in hostilities for a few years while she held the reins, but it is very likely that she took up arms during the early part of her regency to protect her son’s position. A stele in Karnak temple records her service to the nation, stating:

“The king’s wife, the noble lady, who knew everything, assembled Kemet. She looked after what her Sovereign had established. She guarded it. She assembled her fugitives. She brought together her deserters. She pacified her Upper Egyptians. She subdued her rebels, The king’s wife Ahhotep given life”.

When Ahmose succeeded in expelling the Hyksos, he led his army to Nubia to regain lost territories. While he was gone, a group of Hyksos sympathisers tried to steal the throne.

Ahhotep foiled this attempt, and was awarded the “golden flies of valour” by her son. He also gave her a cache of beautiful jewellery and ornamental weaponry which was found in a tomb at Dra Abu el-Naga near the Valley of the Kings. Her original tomb has not been discovered.


Ahmose-Meritamun

Ahmose-Meritamun (atau Ahmose-Meritamon) merupakan seorang ratu Mesir selama awal Dinasti kedelapan belas Mesir. Ia adalah saudari sekaligus istri Firaun Amenhotep I. Ia meninggal pada usia muda dan dimakamkan di makam TT358, Deir el-Bahari.

Meritamun mengambil alih peran Istri Dewa Amun dari ibundanya Ahmose-Nefertari. Gelar-gelar lainnya yang dicatat untuk Meritamun termasuk: Nyonya Dua Tanah (nbt-t3wy), Istri Raja (Agung) (hmt-niswt(-wrt)), Nyonya seluruh tanah (hnwt-t3wy-tm), istri dewa (hmt-ntr), bersatu dengan mahkota putih (khnmt-nfr-hdjt), putri raja (s3t-niswt), dan saudari raja (snt-niswt). Gelar ibunda raja (mwt-niswt) juga dicatat di dalam sumber-sumber kemudian, meskipun ia tidak pernah menjadi ibunda seorang raja. [2]

Sebuah patung dari batu kapur ratu ini ditemukan oleh Giovanni Belzoni ketika ia bekerja di Karnak pada tahun 1817. [3]

Ahmose-Meritamun digambarkan di makam Inherkau (makam TT359) yang berasal dari dinasti ke-20 Mesir sebagai salah satu "Tuan dari Barat". Ia ditampilkan di barisan atas di belakang Ratu Ahhotep I dan di depan Ratu Sitamun. [1]

Jenazahnya ditemukan di Deir el-Bahri di makam TT358 pada tahun 1930 oleh Herbert Eustis Winlock. Muminya ditemukan di dua peti mati kayu cedar dan satu kotak karton. Muminya dibungkus dan dimakamkan kembali oleh para imam yang menemukan makamnya yang dirusak oleh perampok. Tampaknya ia meninggal saat masih muda, dengan bukti menderita artritis dan skoliosis. [4]

Peti mati luar (sekarang berada di Museum Mesir, JE 53140) berukuran lebih dari 10 kaki dan terbuat dari papan cedar yang digabungkan dan diukir dengan ketebalan seragam di seluruh peti mati. Mata dan alis dilapisi kaca. Jasadnya diukir dengan hati-hati dengan chevrons yang dilukis dengan warna biru untuk menciptakan ilusi bulu-bulu. Peti mati itu ditutupi emas yang telah dilucuti sejak zaman purba. Peti mati bagian dalam lebih kecil, tapi masih tingginya 6 kaki. Bagian dalam peti mati itu juga ditutupi emas tapi dilucuti dari logam mulia ini. Mumi tersebut dipasangkan dengan hati-hati di masa pemerintahan Pinedjem I. Prasasti mencatat bahwa linen yang digunakan di dalam pemakaman kembali dilakukan di Tahun 18 Pinedjem oleh Imam Agung Amun Masaharta, putra Pinedjem I. Pemakaman kembali itu dilaksanakan pada Tahun 19, bulan 3 musim dingin, hari 28. [5]


Watch the video: Queen Ahmose Merytamun