Pine WAGL-162 - History

Pine WAGL-162 - History


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Pine
(WAGL-162: dp. 210; 1. 99' 8"; b. 23'; dr. 4' 6"; s. 8 k.;
cpl. 12)

Pine, built in 1926, as a tender for the Lighthouse Service by Defoe Boat Works, Bay City, Mich., commissioned 16 July 1926. Upon completion she assumed tender duties out of her permanent station at New London, Conn., where she commenced a twenty-one year career of service to navigational aids.

Tender Pine transferred to the Coast Guard in 1939 when the Lighthouse Service became part of that service. She remained active as a Coast Guard buoy tender until 1 November 1941, when Executive Order 8929 transferred the Coast Guard to the Navy. Pine served as a buoy tender on naval service until 1 January 1946, when she returned to the Treasury Department. Shc had been permanently assigned to St. Petersburg Fla. and to Erie Pa., as well as to New London. She ende1 her general navigational aid duties at Portland Me., where she decommissioned 25 August 1947. She was sold 15 July 1948.


Turpentine

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

Turpentine, the resinous exudate or extract obtained from coniferous trees, particularly those of the genus Pinus. Turpentines are semifluid substances consisting of resins dissolved in a volatile oil this mixture is separable by various distillation techniques into a volatile portion called oil (or spirit) of turpentine and a nonvolatile portion called rosin. Although the term turpentine originally referred to the whole oleoresinous exudate, it now commonly refers to its volatile turpentine fraction only, which has various uses in industry and the visual arts.

Oil of turpentine is a colourless, oily, odorous, flammable, water-immiscible liquid with a hot, disagreeable taste. It is a good solvent for sulphur, phosphorus, resins, waxes, oils, and natural rubber. It hardens upon exposure to air. Chemically, oil of turpentine is a mixture of cyclic monoterpene hydrocarbons, the predominant constituent being pinene.

Formerly, the largest use for turpentine oil was as a paint and varnish solvent. Oil painters generally prefer it as a paint thinner and brush cleaner to petroleum solvents (mineral spirits), even though the latter are less expensive. But the largest use of turpentine oil is now in the chemical industry, as a raw material in the synthesis of resins, insecticides, oil additives, and synthetic pine oil and camphor. Turpentine oil is also used as a rubber solvent in the manufacture of plastics.

Turpentine oil is generally produced in countries that have vast tracts of pine trees. The principal European turpentines are derived from the cluster pine (P. pinaster) and the Scotch pine (P. sylvestris), while the main sources of turpentine in the United States are the longleaf pine (P. palustris) and the slash pine (P. caribaea).

Turpentine oil is classified according to the way it is produced. Sulfate turpentine, used widely in the chemicals industry, is obtained as a by-product of the kraft, or sulfate, process of cooking wood pulp in the course of the manufacture of kraft paper. Wood turpentine is obtained by the steam distillation of dead, shredded bits of pine wood, while gum turpentine results from the distillation of the exudate of the living pine tree obtained by tapping. Crude turpentine obtained from the living pine by tapping typically contains 65 percent gum rosin and 18 percent gum turpentine.

Various other oleoresins (solutions of resins dispersed in essential oils) are known as turpentines. Venice turpentine, for example, is a pale green, viscous liquid that is collected from the larch (Larix decidua, or L. europea). It is used for lithographic work and in sealing wax and varnishes. See also balsam Canada balsam.

Crude turpentine is one of a group of pine-tree derivatives that are known as naval stores.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Adam Augustyn, Managing Editor, Reference Content.


Cross, South Carolina

    • 4,215 57.8% Black alone
    • 2,926 40.1% White alone
    • 69 0.9% Hispanic
    • 37 0.5% Two or more races
    • 29 0.4% American Indian alone
    • 6 0.08% Native Hawaiian and Other
      Pacific Islander alone
    • 5 0.07% Asian alone
    • 4 0.05% Other race alone

    According to our research of South Carolina and other state lists, there were 22 registered sex offenders living in Cross, South Carolina as of June 20, 2021.
    The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Cross is 378 to 1.

    Recent articles from our blog. Our writers, many of them Ph.D. graduates or candidates, create easy-to-read articles on a wide variety of topics.

    Current Local Time: EST time zone

    Land area: 147.4 square miles.

    Population density: 56 people per square mile (very low).

    Nearest city with pop. 50,000+: North Charleston, SC (28.3 miles , pop. 79,641).

    Nearest city with pop. 200,000+: Charlotte, NC (139.2 miles , pop. 540,828).

    Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Philadelphia, PA (544.2 miles , pop. 1,517,550).

    Latitude: 33.26 N, Longitude: 80.22 W

    Unemployment in November 2020:
    • Construction (13.6%)
    • Educational services (13.3%)
    • Accommodation & food services (9.1%)
    • Health care (8.9%)
    • Public administration (4.9%)
    • Truck transportation (3.7%)
    • Transportation equipment (3.5%)
    • Construction (26.6%)
    • Educational services (7.4%)
    • Truck transportation (7.3%)
    • Transportation equipment (4.9%)
    • Wood products (4.6%)
    • Accommodation & food services (4.6%)
    • Metal & metal products (4.4%)
    • Educational services (18.6%)
    • Health care (15.8%)
    • Accommodation & food services (13.1%)
    • Public administration (8.1%)
    • Social assistance (4.8%)
    • Food & beverage stores (3.5%)
    • Finance & insurance (2.9%)
    • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (7.3%)
    • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (5.6%)
    • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair workers, including supervisors (3.9%)
    • Metal workers and plastic workers (3.9%)
    • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary, and middle school teachers (3.7%)
    • Cooks and food preparation workers (3.7%)
    • Other office and administrative support workers, including supervisors (3.3%)
    • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (11.9%)
    • Metal workers and plastic workers (6.9%)
    • Construction traders workers except carpenters, electricians, painters, plumbers, and construction laborers (5.9%)
    • Construction laborers (5.9%)
    • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair workers, including supervisors (5.6%)
    • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (5.3%)
    • Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers (5.1%)
    • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (9.1%)
    • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary, and middle school teachers (5.7%)
    • Cashiers (5.6%)
    • Information and record clerks, except customer service representatives (5.5%)
    • Cooks and food preparation workers (5.0%)
    • Other office and administrative support workers, including supervisors (5.0%)
    • Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists (4.7%)

    Average climate in Cross, South Carolina

    Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations


    Air Quality Index (AQI) level in 2004 was 61.3. This is better than average.


    Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) [ppb] level in 2004 was 3.95. This is significantly better than average. Closest monitor was 13.4 miles away from the city center.


    Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) [ppb] level in 2004 was 1.21. This is significantly better than average. Closest monitor was 13.4 miles away from the city center.


    Tornado activity:

    Cross-area historical tornado activity is slightly below South Carolina state average. It is 14% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

    On 9/11/1960, a category F3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado 34.6 miles away from the Cross place center injured 10 people and caused between $500,000 and $5,000,000 in damages.

    On 3/15/2008, a category F3 tornado 37.3 miles away from the place center .

    Earthquake activity:

    Cross-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above South Carolina state average. It is 46% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

    On 11/22/1974 at 05:25:55, a magnitude 4.7 (4.7 MB, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 25.2 miles away from the city center
    On 8/21/1992 at 16:31:55, a magnitude 4.4 (4.1 MB, 4.1 LG, 4.4 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 15.6 miles away from the city center
    On 8/2/1974 at 08:52:09, a magnitude 4.9 (4.3 MB, 4.9 LG) earthquake occurred 137.7 miles away from the city center
    On 8/23/2011 at 17:51:04, a magnitude 5.8 (5.8 MW, Depth: 3.7 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 346.2 miles away from Cross center
    On 8/9/2020 at 12:07:37, a magnitude 5.1 (5.1 MW, Depth: 4.7 mi) earthquake occurred 228.0 miles away from Cross center
    On 4/17/1995 at 13:45:57, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 23.2 miles away from Cross center
    Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), moment magnitude (MW)

    Natural disasters:

    The number of natural disasters in Berkeley County (18) is near the US average (15).
    Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 8
    Emergencies Declared: 5

    Causes of natural disasters: Hurricanes: 9, Storms: 3, Winter Storms: 3, Floods: 2, Tropical Storms: 2, Tornado: 1, Wind: 1, Other: 1 (Note: some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).


    Pine WAGL-162 - History

    Editor's Note: At press time, the following events and meetings were known to be still scheduled. Organizers or appropriate officials are encouraged to conta.

    by Pine Bluff Commercial - June 20, 2021

    by Pine Bluff Commercial - June 20, 2021

    The Arkansas Department of Health regulates the sale of food at establishments that include restaurants, bars, day cares, schools, grocery stores, convenienc.

    by Pine Bluff Commercial - June 20, 2021

    The first time I heard about Juneteenth, I was in college. Shameful, I know.

    by Erika D. Smith Los Angeles Times - June 20, 2021

    Superintendent Jerry Guess' last school board meeting at Watson Chapel was last week.

    by The Pine Bluff Commercial - June 20, 2021

    "It was like birthing a baby. This was a 12-month pregnancy. We're happy that it's over and now we get to enjoy the baby."

    The city of Pine Bluff celebrated Juneteenth with music, festivities, food and fun on Saturday, transforming Main Street into a jubilee where many performers.

    Every now and again, the constant gardener is going to come across a plant that just doesn't quite belong. Invasive plants, from kudzu to Chinese privet, are.

    by Ryan McGeeney Special to The Commercial - June 20, 2021

    A group of investors is interested in working within the city's vision to revitalize Pine Bluff, with a proposal to transform the Crown Motel at 321 W. Fifth.

    When submitting a letter or guest column, please include your name, home address, email address and daytime phone number so we can verify your identity. We w.

    by Pine Bluff Commercial - June 20, 2021

    Teens in the area took their opportunity to Glow in the Dark at Saracen Landing on Friday.

    The Jefferson County sheriff's office is again participating in the THV Channel 11 News and Arkansas Food Bank Summer Cereal Drive and encouraging the commun.

    by Special to The Commercial - June 20, 2021

    Juneteenth is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States. It has been known by many names including Freedom.

    by Special to The Commercial - June 19, 2021

    Editor's Note: At press time, the following events and meetings were known to be still scheduled. Organizers or appropriate officials are encouraged to conta.

    by Pine Bluff Commercial - June 19, 2021

    Janija Samone McGown's funeral is today.

    by The Pine Bluff Commercial - June 19, 2021

    Copyright © 2021, Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, Inc.

    This document may not be reprinted without the express written permission of Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, Inc.

    Material from the Associated Press is Copyright © 2021, Associated Press and may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Associated Press text, photo, graphic, audio and/or video material shall not be published, broadcast, rewritten for broadcast or publication or redistributed directly or indirectly in any medium. Neither these AP materials nor any portion thereof may be stored in a computer except for personal and noncommercial use. The AP will not be held liable for any delays, inaccuracies, errors or omissions therefrom or in the transmission or delivery of all or any part thereof or for any damages arising from any of the foregoing. All rights reserved.


    Pine WAGL-162 - History

    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent’s Park, NW1 4RY London, UK . [email protected]

    In the last decades increasing records of morphological abnormalities in many amphibian populations have become subject of scientific interest. Once considered a mere curiosity, this worldwide phenomenon has been highlighted as a potential local conservation issue, for it appears to be yet another threat to amphibian diversity. Our study reports the first cases of amphibian deformities for North-Central Portugal, which are put in context with a review comprising European records since the XVIII century . Amphibian populations (Lissotriton boscai, Triturus marmoratus and Pelophylax perezi) were sampled for four sampling years at Serra da Estrela Natural Park. With approximately 1400 post-metamorphic individuals examined, we found 12 cases of deformity including anophtalmy, brachydactyly, ectrodactyly, ectomely, polydactyly and polyphalangy. Deformity prevalence varied between years and species, rarely exceeding 2%. Our results are in accordance with European trends, since the majority of the recorded cases were found in limbs of urodeles. The presence of deformities in three different species points toward environmental causes, with predation as the most parsimonious explanation. Although not alarming, we reinforce the need for continuous monitoring of amphibian communities, from an interdisciplinary perspective, since even protected and pristine areas are not immune to new emerging threats that can act in synergy

    · Albuquerque de Matos, R. M. (2014). Atlas dos Caracóis Terrestres e de Águas Doces e Salobras Portugal Continental . Ideiagrafix, Lisbon, Portugal.

    · Anderson, M.T. Kiesecker, J.M. Chivers, D.P. & Blaustein, A.R. (2001). The direct and indirect effects of temperature on a predator-prey relationship. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 1834 - 1841.

    · Bacon, J.P. Gray, J.A & Kitson, L . (2006). Status and conservation of the reptiles and amphibians of the Bermuda islands. Applied Herpetology 3: 323 - 344.

    · Ballengée, B. & Sessions, S.K. (2009). Explanation for missing limbs in deformed amphibians. Journal of Experimental Zoology B 312: 770 - 779.

    · Baptista, N. Penado, A. & Rosa, G.M. (2015). Insights on the Triturus marmoratus predation upon adult newts. Boletín de la Asociación Herpetológica Española 26: 3 -5.

    · Blaustein, A.R. & Johnson, P.T.J . (2003). The complexity of deformed amphibians. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1: 87 - 94.

    · Blaustein, A.R. Romansic, J.M. Kiesecker, J.M. & Hatch, A.C. (2003). Ultraviolet radiation, toxic chemicals and amphibian population declines. Diversity and Distributions 9: 123 - 140.

    · Borkin, L.J. & Pikulik, M.M. (1986). The occurrence of polymely and polydactyly in natural populations of anurans of the USSR. Amphibia-Reptilia 7: 205-216.

    · Bosch, J. Carrascal, L.M. Durán, L. Walker, S. & Fisher, M.C. (2007). Climate change and outbreaks of amphibian chytridiomycosis in a montane area of Central Spain is there a link? Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274: 253 - 260.

    · Bowerman, J. Johnson, P.T.J. & Bowerman, T . (2010). Sublethal predators and their injured prey: linking aquatic predators and severe limb abnormalities in amphibians. Ecology 91: 242 - 251

    · Burkhart, J.G. Ankley, G. Bell, H. Carpenter, H. Fort, D. Gardiner, D. Gardner, H. Hale, R. Helgen, J.C. Jepson, P. Johnson, D. Lannoo, M. Lee, D. Lary, J. Levey, R. Magner, J. Meteyer, C. Shelby, M.D. & Lucier, G. (2000). Strategies for assessing the implications of malformed frogs for environmental health. Environmental Health Perspectives 108: 83-90.

    · Caetano, M.H. (1988). Estudo sobre a Biologia das Populações Portuguesas de Triturus marmoratus (Latreille, 1800) e Triturus boscai (Lataste, 1879). Morfologia, Ecologia, Crescimento e Variabilidade . Ph.D. Dissertation, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

    · Cisternas, R . (1865). Polymélie dans un Alytes obstetricans Wagl. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (2) 17: 287-288.

    · Daveau, S. (1971). La glaciation de la Serra da Estrela. Finisterra 6: 5-40.

    · Duarte, B. & Caçador, I . (2012). Particulate metal distribution in Tagus estuary (Portugal) during a flood episode. Marine Pollution Bulletin 64: 2109-2116.

    · Fernández-Álvarez, F.Á. Recuero, E. Martínez-Solano, Í. & Buckley, D. (2011). First record of bicephaly in Lissotriton boscai (Amphibia, Caudata, Salamandridae). North-Western Journal of Zoology 7: 161 - 163.

    · Flyaks, N.L. & Borkin, L.J. (2004). Morphological abnormalities and heavy metal concentrations in anurans of contaminated areas, eastern Ukraine. Applied Herpetology 1: 229-264.

    · Galán, P. (2011). Anfibios con malformaciones en el Parque Natural das Fragas do Eume (A Coruña, Galicia). Boletín de la Asociación Herpetológica Española 22: 65-67.

    · García-Muñoz, E. Jorge, F. Rato, C. & Carretero, M.A. (2010). Four types of malformations in a population of Bufo boulengeri (Amphibia, Anura, Bufonidae) from the Jbilet Mountains (Marrakech, Morocco). Herpetology Notes 3: 267 - 270.

    · Grasshoff, K. (1976). Methods of Seawater Analysis . Verlag Chimie, New York, USA.

    · Gurushankara, H.P. Krishnamurthy, S.V. & Vasudev, V. (2007). Morphological abnormalities in natural populations of common frogs inhabiting agroecosystems of central Western Ghats. Applied Herpetology 4: 39 - 45.

    · Hayden, M.T. Reeves, M.K. Holyoak, M. Perdue, M. King, A.L. & Tobin, S.C. (2015). Thrice as easy to catch! Copper and temperature modulate predator-prey interactions in larval dragonflies and anurans. Ecosphere 6: 56.

    · Hebard, W.B. & Brunson, R.B . (1963). Hind limb anomalies of a western Montana population of the Pacific tree frog, Hyla regilla Baird and Girard. Copeia 1963: 570 - 572.

    · Henle, K. Mester, B. Lengyel, S. & Puky, M . (2012). A review of a rare type of anomaly in amphibians, tail duplication and bifurcation, with description of three new cases in European species ( Triturus dobrogicus , Triturus carnifex , and Hyla arborea ). Journal of Herpetology 46: 451-455.

    · Héron-Royer, L.-F. (1884). Cas tératologiques observés chez quelques têtards de batraciens anoures et de la possibilité de prolonger méthodiquement l’état larvaire chez les batraciens. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 9: 162-168.

    · Hill, R.E. & Lettice, L.A. (2013). Alterations to the remote control of Shh gene expression cause congenital abnormalities. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 368: 20120357.

    · Hof, C. Araújo, M.B. Jetz, W. & Rahbek, C. (2011). Additive threats from pathogens, climate and land-use change for global amphibian diversity. Nature 480: 516 - 519.

    · Hoppe, D.M. (2005). Malformed frogs in Minnesota: History and interspecific differences, In M. Lannoo (ed.) Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species . University of California Press, Berkeley, California, USA, pp. 103-108.

    · Jansen, J. (2002). Guia Geobotânico da Serra da Estrela . Instituto da Conservação da Natureza, Lisbon, Portugal.

    · Johnson, P.T.J. & Bowerma n, J. (2010). Do predators cause frog deformities? The need for an eco-epidemiological approach . Journal of Experimental Zoology B 314: 515 - 518.

    · Johnson, P.T.J. & McKenzie, V.J. (2008). Effects of environmental change on helminth infections in amphibians: exploring the emergence of Ribeiroia and Echinostoma infections in North America, In B. Fried & R. Toledo (eds.) The Biology of Echinostomes: From the Molecule to the Community , Springer, New York, USA, pp 249 - 280.

    · Johnson, P.T.J. Lunde, K.B. Ritchie, E.G. & Launer, A.E. (1999). The effect of trematode infection on amphibian limb development and survivorships. Science 284: 802-804.

    · Johnson, P.T.J. Lunde, K.B. Ritchie, E.G. Reaser, J.K. & Launer, A.E . (2001). Morphological abnormality patterns in a California amphibian community. Herpetologica 57: 336-352.

    · Johnson, P.T.J. Sutherland, D.R. Kinsella, J.M. & Lunde, K.B . (2004). Review of the trematode genus Ribeiroia (Psilostomidae): Ecology, life history and pathogenesis with special emphasis on the amphibian malformation problem. Advances in Parasitology 57: 191-253.

    · Johnson, P.T.J. Chase, J.M. Dosch, K.L. Gross, J. Hartson, R.B. Gross, J.A. Larson, D.J. Sutherland, D.R. & Carpenter, S.R. (2007). Aquatic eutrophication promotes pathogenic infection in amphibians. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104: 15781-15786.

    · Johnson, P.T. Reeves, M.K. Krest, S.K. & Pinkney, A.E. (2010). A decade of deformities: Advances in our understanding of amphibian malformations and their implications, In D.W. Sparling, G. Linder, C.A. Bishop & S.K. Krest (eds.) Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles, 2 nd ed . SETAC Press, Pensacola, Florida, USA, pp. 511 - 536.

    · Kiesecker, J.M. (2002). Synergism between trematode infection and pesticide exposure: a link to amphibian limb deformities in nature? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99: 9900 - 9904.

    · Kiesecker, J.M. Blaustein, A.R. & Belden, L.K. (2001). Complex causes of amphibian population declines. Nature 410: 681 - 684.

    · Kosyreva, R.J . (1971). Water analysis, In N.I. Kozhin (ed.) Spravochnik Rybovoda po Iskusstvennomu Razvedeniyu Promyslovykh ryb , Pishchevaya Promyshlennost, Moscow, Russia, pp. 5-19.

    · Lada, G.A. (1999). Polydactyly in anurans in the Tambov region (Russia). Russian Journal of Herpetology 6: 104 - 106

    · Lannoo, M. (2008). Malformed Frogs: The Collapse of Aquatic Ecosystems . University of California Press, Berkeley, California, USA.

    · Lannoo, M.J. (2009). Amphibian malformations, In H. Heatwole & J.W. Wilkinson (eds.) Amphibian Biology Volume 8: Amphibian Decline: Diseases, Parasites, Maladies and Pollution . Surrey Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton, Australia, pp. 3089 - 3111.

    · Lannoo, M.J. Sutherland, D.R. Jones, P. Rosenberry, D. Klaver, R.W. Hoppe, D.M. Johnson, P.T.J. Lunde, K.B. Facemire, C. & Kapfer, J.M. (2003). Multiple causes for the malformed frog phenomenon, In G.L. Linder, S. Krest, D. Sparling & E.E. Little (eds.) Multiple Stressor Effects in Relation to Declining Amphibian Populations . American Society for Testing Materials, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, USA, pp. 233-262.

    · Lawson, T.B. (1995). Fundamentals of Aquacultural Engineering . Springer, New York, USA.

    · Lunde, K.B. & Johnson, P.T.J. (2012). A practical guide for the study of malformed amphibians and their causes. Journal of Herpetology 46: 429-441.

    · Manouvrier-Hanu, S. Holder-Espinasse, M. & Lyonnet, S. (1999). Genetics of limb anomalies in humans. Trends in Genetics 15: 409 - 417.

    · Mora C. Vieira G.T. & Alcoforado M.J . (2001). Daily minimum air temperatures in the Serra da Estrela, Portugal. Finisterra 36: 49-60.

    · Ouellet, M. (2000). Amphibian deformities: current state of knowledge, In D.W. Sparling, G. Linder & C.A. Bishop (eds.) Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles . SETAC Press, Pensacola, Florida, USA, pp. 617-661.

    · Ouellet, M. Bonin, J. Rodrigue, J. DesGranges, J.-L. & Lair, S . (1997). Hindlimb deformities (ectromelia, ectrodactyly) in free-living anurans from agricultural habitats. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 33: 95-104.

    · Reeves, M.K. Dolph, C.L. Zimmer, H. Tjeerdema, R.S. & Trust, K.A . (2008). Road proximity increases risk of skeletal abnormalities in wood frogs from National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska. Environmental Health Perspectives 116: 1009 - 1015.

    · Reeves, M.K. Jensen, P. Dolph, C.L. Holyoak, M. & Trust, K.A . (2010). Multiple stressors and the cause of amphibian abnormalities. Ecological Monographs 80: 423 - 440.

    · Reeves, M.K. Perdue, M. Blakemore, G.D. Rinella, D.J. & Holyoak, M. (2011). Twice as easy to catch? A toxicant and a predator cue cause additive reductions in larval amphibian activity. Ecosphere 2: 72.

    · Reeves, M.K. Medley, K.A. Pinkney, A.E. Holyoak, M. Johnson, P.T.J. & Lannoo, M.J. ( 2013). Localized hotspots drive continental geography of abnormal amphibians on U.S. wildlife refuges. PLoS One 8: e77467.

    · Romansic, J.M. Waggener, A.A. Bancroft, B.A. & Blaustein, A.R. (2009). Influence of ultraviolet-B radiation on growth, prevalence of deformities, and susceptibility to predation in Cascades frog ( Rana cascadae ) larvae. Hydrobiologia 624: 219-233.

    · Rosa, G.M. Laurentino, T. & Madeira, M. (2012). Field observation of foraging behavior by a group of adult diving beetles Agabus ( Gaurodytes ) bipustulatus preying on an adult Lissotriton boscai . Entomological Science 15: 343 - 345.

    · Rosa, G.M. Anza, I. Moreira, P.L. Conde, J. Martins, F. Fisher, M.C. & Bosch, J . (2013). Evidence of chytrid-mediated population declines in common midwife toad in Serra da Estrela, Portugal. Animal Conservation 16: 306-315.

    · Rothschild, B.M. Schultze, H.-P. & Pellegrini, R . (2012). Herpetological Osteopathology. Annotated Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles . Springer, New York, USA.

    · Sessions, S.K. & Ruth, S.B . (1990). Explanation for naturally occurring supernumerary limbs in amphibians. Journal of Experimental Zoology 254: 38-47.

    · Simões, J.M.M. (2005). Ocorrência das espécies Lymnæa ( Pseudosuccinea ) columella Say, 1817 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Limneidæ) e Planorbella sp. (Mollusa, Gastropoda, Planorbiidæ) em Portugal. Portugala 25: 26.

    · Stuart, S. Chanson, J.S. Cox, N.A. Young, B.E. Rodrigues, A.S.L. Fishman, D.L. & Waller, R.W. (2004). Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide. Science 306 : 1783-1786.

    · Talavera, S. Aedo, C. Castroviejo, S. Romero Zarco, C. Sáez, L. Salgueiro, F.J. & Velayos, M. (2001). Flora iberica. Plantas Vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Vol. VII (I) Leguminosae (partim) . Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid, Spain.

    · Tejedo, M . (2003). El declive de los anfibios. La dificultad de separar las variaciones naturales del cambio global. Munibe 16: S20 -S 43.


    Virtual Home Remedy 2021: An Event Benefitting Pine Street Inn

    Founded in 1969, Pine Street Inn provides a comprehensive range of services to nearly 2,000 homeless men and women each day. We are the largest homeless services provider in New England, and could not do this important work without the support of our donors and local community.

    Since that time we have been providing a comprehensive range of programs and services, including housing, emergency services, and workforce development. Our ultimate goal is to end homelessness by making permanent housing a reality for all.

    Pine Street Innsider: June 2021

    Our June Innsider is out! Pine Street welcomes three new board members, celebrates #Juneteenth in our community, and prepares workforce development trainees to move forward in their careers. Read the June issue.

    Framingham State University and Boston College To Recognize Lyndia Downie

    Downie will deliver the commencement address at Framingham State University on Sunday, May 23, celebrating the class of 2020 whose original graduation had been postponed from last year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The following day, on May 24, Downie will be awarded an honorary degree from Boston College during their commencement ceremony. Read the Framingham Source article.

    Boston Globe: Apartments for homeless to be built in Jamaica Plain

    We are glad this housing development can now move forward in partnership with The Community Builders. “This is literally a groundbreaking project for us,” Pine Street Inn President & CEO Lyndia Downie notes. “The people we’re targeting for this [housing development] have been homeless the longest and have the hardest situations,” Downie said. “The support services are the glue that helps folks acquire and stay in the housing they need.” Check out the latest developments in The Boston Globe.

    Dine for Pine and support our local restaurants

    We are thrilled to announce Dine for Pine - a way to enjoy a delicious meal (at a discount) while supporting local restaurants. Make a gift to Pine Street Inn through www.dineforpine.org and you will receive the promotional discount code to apply to your order at any of our partner restaurants! Participate in Dine for Pine

    Pine Street Inn Stands With AAPI Community

    Pine Street Inn has a long history with the Asian community. Located on Pine Street in Chinatown from 1969-1980, in a shared space with the Chinese Evangelical Church, our guests were treated with generosity and kindness by the community. These are our neighbors, and we cannot stay silent. Read Pine Street Inn's statement of support.


    Convenient

    At your time, at your convenience, you get to personalize your floor.

    Custom

    Work with custom sample shop to provide samples or custom-color samples.

    Personal

    Engage with your personalized wide plank person who will walk you through every step of the journey.

    Pepper Residence

    Seattle, Washington

    Set on the banks of Lake Washington, the Pepper residence reflects a harmony of traditional and contemporary style. The homeowners favored an open concept living space, light colors and European influences.

    Joe Nahem Residence

    East Hampton, New York

    Nahem described the renovation of his beach house as a "fun adventure." The open concept home flows freely from room to room and boasts distinctive pieces that span the generations.

    There are many varieties of engineered wood flooring on the market and they vary a great deal in quality and durability.

    We've developed Custom Coat™ Prefinished Floors that combine the convenience and affordability of prefinished hardwood flooring with the beauty and durability of standard hardwood flooring.

    We offer a distinctive selection of parquet wood flooring in a variety of woods and patterns. An exercise in tailored luxury, these floors are built to specification in our custom shop and are available in pre-assembled sections or in individual pieces.

    Talk with us today about your project. We make it easy to browse, design, select and plan for your new wide plank floors with your own personal Carlisle Wide Plank Specialist.


    Mountain pine beetles (Dendroctonus ponderosae MPB) are native Colorado bark beetles that predominately infest ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), lodgepole pine (P. contorta), and limber pine (P. flexilis). However, numerous species of pines, and all pines found in Colorado are susceptible when beetle populations explode, including ornamental pines.

    MPB complete a generation within one year from egg to adult. Adults typically fly to seek new hosts in July through August, though a small proportion emerge earlier and some later through the summer months. Attacking females initially prefer large diameter trees until they are depleted from the forest.

    Signs & Symptoms

    Needles on infested trees typically turn ‘rust’ colored on the tree after a short period of yellowish-red and typically drop from branches the second summer after the tree has been infested. Boring dust in bark crevices and on the ground immediately adjacent to the tree base are also a sign of bark beetles.

    Often popcorn-shaped masses of resin, called “pitch tubes,” are found on the trunk where beetle tunneling begins. Pitch tubes may be brown, pink or white. Woodpecker damage, where the birds have stripped portions of the bark from infested trees in search of larvae, leaving accumulations of bark at the base of trees is often an indicator of bark beetle presence. Exit holes on the bark surface may be seen after the adult beetles emerge from infested trees.


    History

    Casella Waste Systems, Inc. and its predecessor companies were founded in 1975 as Casella's Refuse Removal in Rutland, Vermont. On a chilly day in early April, Doug Casella began picking up garbage from a few customers in the Rutland and Killington region with a pickup truck he had bought with money saved from jobs he’d had as a kid in high school. Because the service was good, the small enterprise grew, and John Casella joined his younger brother a year later to help run the business.

    The brothers, influenced not only by that unique spirit of New England frugality, could also see the future – and in 1977 built the company's first, and the state's first, recycling facility in Vermont. It was an inspired vision, one that anticipated the opportunities around resource renewal as well as viewing waste management as an integrated set of services – collection, recycling, transfer, and disposal.

    The belief in this approach, and changes in public policy, fueled a period of rapid growth, as the company built an unparalleled waste and resource management infrastructure throughout the northeastern U.S.

    In 1997, the company undertook an initial public offering of its stock. Trading of Casella stock began the day after one of the largest collapses in U.S. stock market history, and, despite general investor jitters about the market as a whole, the company's IPO became one of the most successful in industry history. The company is now publicly traded on the NASDAQ exchange under the symbol “CWST.”

    Since 2000, the company has moved more aggressively to supplement traditional waste management services with its expertise in resource renewal and sustainability. It has consistently led the industry in offering services and infrastructure that help communities and customers sustain – economically as well as environmentally – the planet’s limited resources.

    Today, with a clear strategy to serve our customers with integrated services, we continue to lead the solid waste industry with an innovative business strategy that seeks to create sustainable value beyond the traditional waste disposal model. We view waste as a resource for producing renewable energy and as a raw material for manufacturing new products.

    And, just like our early days, we believe that if the service is good, the enterprise will thrive.


    Pine WAGL-162 - History


    Big Bend Park Brochure Map
    This is it! Official park map from the brochure (700 kb jpeg)

    Big Bend Area Map
    Depicts primary highways near Big Bend (200 kb jpeg)

    Chisos Basin and Rio Grande Village Developed Area Map
    Detail maps of the Chisos Basin and Rio Grande Village developed areas, showing the location of visitor centers, trailheads, campgrounds, and other facilities.

    Chisos Mountains Trails and Campsite Map
    Map of the Chisos Mountains trail system with campsites and trail mileages.

    National Park Service Maps

    National Park System Brochure Map
    Deluxe map with shaded relief from the "NPS Map and Guide" brochure.
    March 2018 Screen-viewable file (10.MB jpeg)

    National Park System Wall Map
    Deluxe map with shaded relief of the National Park System suitable for large wall map displays. March 2018 screen-viewable file (33.9 MB jpeg)

    National Wild and Scenic Rivers System Map
    Discover America's system of protected wild rivers.
    2017 screen-viewable file (1.7 MB jpeg)

    Topographic Maps, Trail Guides, River Guides, Road Guides

    Topographic maps
    Index for 7.5 minute USGS quad maps. Highly useful for backcountry exploration

    Backcountry Road Guide
    Your mile by mile guide to the park's dirt roads

    River Guides
    Santa Elena, Boquillas, Mariscal Canyon, Lower Canyons

    Bookstore

    Plan your visit, and learn about the park with books, maps, and guides from the Big Bend Natural History Association.

    USGS Geologic Map of Big Bend NP

    Download the latest digital geologic map of Big Bend. Complete with descriptive pamphlet, historical highlights, and supporting notes.

    Chisos Backpacking and Camping Guide

    Trip planning, safety information, and detailed descriptions of the designated backcountry campsites in the Chisos Mountains.

    The Big Bend Paisano Visitor Guide

    Read all about it! Get the latest issue of the official visitor's guide to Big Bend National Park.


    Watch the video: Top 10 worst small towns in Idaho. Small town life


Comments:

  1. Kazratilar

    can here the error?

  2. Kiernan

    There's something about that, and it's a great idea. I am ready to support you.

  3. Yusef

    It is compliant, a lot of useful information



Write a message