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William Sudell the manager of a local factory, became the secretary of Preston North End. Sudell decided to improve the quality of the team by importing top players from other areas. This included several players from Scotland.
Over the next few years players such as John Goodall, Jimmy Ross, Nick Ross, David Russell, John Gordon, John Graham, Robert Mills-Roberts, James Trainer, Samuel Thompson and George Drummond. He also recruited some outstanding local players, including Bob Holmes, Robert Howarth and Fred Dewhurst. As well as paying them money for playing for the team, Sudell also found them highly paid work in Preston.
In January, 1884, Preston North End played the London side, Upton Park, in the FA Cup. After the game Upton Park complained to the Football Association that Preston was a professional, rather than an amateur team. Sudell admitted that his players were being paid but argued that this was common practice and did not breach regulations. However, the FA disagreed and expelled them from the competition.
Preston North End now joined forces with other clubs who were paying their players, such as Aston Villa and Sunderland. In October, 1884, these clubs threatened to form a break-away British Football Association. The Football Association responded by establishing a sub-committee, which included Sudell, to look into this issue. On 20th July, 1885, the FA announced that it was "in the interests of Association Football, to legalise the employment of professional football players, but only under certain restrictions". Clubs were allowed to pay players provided that they had either been born or had lived for two years within a six-mile radius of the ground.
Under the leadership of Major William Sudell, Preston North End became one of the best clubs in England. In the first round of the FA Cup in 1887-88, Preston beat Hyde 26-0. This is the highest score ever recorded in the competition. Jimmy Ross, who had developed a good partnership with centre-forward John Goodall, scored seven of the goals against Hyde.
Preston played West Bromwich Albion in the final that year. According to reports, Preston was much the better team and Bob Roberts, the WBA goalkeeper made good saves from Fred Dewhurst, Jimmy Ross, John Goodall and George Drummond. Dewhurst did eventually score but WBA won the game 3-1.
In March, 1888, William McGregor, a director of Aston Villa, circulated a letter suggesting that "ten or twelve of the most prominent clubs in England combine to arrange home and away fixtures each season." The following month the Football League was formed. It consisted of six clubs from Lancashire (Preston North End, Accrington, Blackburn Rovers, Burnley and Everton) and six from the Midlands (Aston Villa, Derby County, Notts County, Stoke, West Bromwich Albion and Wolverhampton Wanderers). The main reason Sunderland was excluded was because the other clubs in the league objected to the costs of travelling to the North-East.
The first season of the Football League began in September, 1888. Preston North End won the first championship without losing a single match and acquired the name the "invincibles". The top goal scorers were Jimmy Ross (21), John Goodall (20) and Fred Dewhurst (12).
Preston North End also beat Wolverhampton Wanderers 3-0 to win the 1889 FA Cup Final. The goals were scored by Jimmy Ross, Fred Dewhurst and Samuel Thompson. Preston won the competition without conceding a single goal.
Preston North End also won the league the following season but finished second to Everton (1890-91) and Sunderland (1892-93).
Preston's top players were persuaded to sign for other clubs: John Goodall (Derby County), Jimmy Ross (Liverpool), David Russell (Nottingham Forest), Samuel Thompson (Wolverhampton Wanderers), whereas Bob Holmes, George Drummond, Robert Mills-Roberts, James Trainer and John Graham retired from full-time professional football.
In 1893-94 Preston finished third from bottom (14th). That season William Sudell was sent to prison for embezzling £5,000 from his employers. It is believed he later emigrated to South Africa where he became a successful football reporter.
How many people know the difference between the Football Association & the Football (Premier) League? It may be used to illustrate the north/south divide in England. Followers of PNE & Proud Prestonians ought rightly to know the part played by the club & town in the development of the world’s most popular game.
Though football in various forms had been played throughout the centuries it was the landed gentry of the posh public i.e. exclusive colleges & universities e.g. Harrow, Eton, Oxford centred in London & the South that settled the game with their basic laws in 1864. Strictly amateur it was indeed a ‘Gentleman’s game’, they had the time of course, not having to labour in factories or down the mines. But this new southerners’ game was spreading rapidly to the North.
In 1867 William Sudell, a brilliant accountant & lover of sport joined Preston Nelson –a cricket & rugby club. Sudell was to be the leading figure in the fight to establish professional football. Moving across the way from Moor Park to Deepdale farm in 1875 early experiments began with this new game of association football. By 1880 people paid willingly to watch games & Sudell, now the leading committee man oversaw banking & fences erected with a changing room pavilion tent situated in the North West corner of the ground, very similar to the one at Blackburn Rovers. Indeed Sudell copied other leading clubs such as Darwen, Blackburn et al & proved better & more astute in attracting Scots from Edinburgh & paying them however indiscreetly.
The southerners of the F.A. were abhorred by what was happening to their game ‘oop North & banned PNE along with other clubs from their prestigious FA cup. The resolute Sudell stood firm & threatened to head a breakaway organisation aligned with the Scots a British FA. The FA feared losing control of their game & in 1885 conceded to the notion of paid professional footballers. Without Sudell’s influence would association football gone the way of the Rugby code i.e. league/union?
However, all games were arranged ad hoc & in a desultory fashion. In 1888 at the instigation of William McGregor of Aston Villa 12 clubs, 6 from Lancashire, 6 from the Midlands were invited to form the Football League, note: no north east or southern clubs. Sudell was invited to become the League’s first treasurer. The League of course avowed to abide by the FA’s association laws but stressed to all clubs that the league competition came first & that all clubs must play their strongest team (the only original rule to still apply).
(Above) Lord Triesman, former FA Chairman.
McGregor admitted this new idea would not succeed without PNE. It was Sudell who gave it the name League as opposed to Union. Deepdale can thus lay claim to being the oldest professional football league ground in the world. Along with Burnley the only founder member clubs at their original ground. Does this warrant a blue World Heritage plaque? I believe so & possibly situated at the North West corner – the site of the original pavilion tent.
Thus began a revolution with PNE the first winners of the first football league in the world & all the more astounding that within a few short years Sudell had made PNE the most respected & feared football team in the land.
There can be no doubt that the southern FA is responsible for beginning this now world wide phenomena of association football but perhaps the game we now see at clubs like PNE or even in the FIFA world cup competitions is more largely due to the ‘proactive’ role of William Sudell & the working class lads from the industrial towns of the North.
Also consider that when Ronaldo moves to Real Madrid for £80 million or Toure is on a reported £200,000 a week at Manchester City is it due mainly to the efforts of William Sudell?
Whilst working with the National Football Museum at the House of Commons I met the then chair of the FA, Lord Triesman. A bemused guest enquired who it was. I told her his name to which she said “but who does he represent”? “The Public Schools “ said I. “And who do you represent”? the lady asked. “Why, ‘The Public Houses” I replied.
This website was designed and is maintained by Gary Bond.
The content within this website is copyright of Gary Bond ©2002-2016 unless otherwise stated.
Any views expressed on this website are not the views expressed by Preston North End FC.
Preston North End Football Club was formed in 1881. The club has had a turbulent past, but few can argue that Preston is a club with one of the richest histories in English football. Preston’s Deepdale site is also home to the National Football Museum, which was opened in September 1998 by FIFA President Sepp Blatter.
Preston North End also holds a number of records in the English game, including being first club in English football to field a black professional player, and holding the record for the highest ever FA Cup victory – 26-0 v Hyde.
Lancashire is also home to a number of other Premiership and Championship sides, including Bolton Wanderers, Blackburn Rovers and Wigan Athletic. However, games against Burnley and fierce rivals Blackpool, consistently prove not to be for the faint hearted.
The original invincibles
The Lilywhites are well known for being one of the original founding members of the Football League in 1888, and they play their home games at Deepdale. Major William Sudell proved to be the 19th century equivalent of Arsene Wenger, in that he systematically hand picked top quality players from other countries (in this case Scotland), and brought them to Preston North End.
Many clubs were outraged that the FA were apparently letting this happen unopposed, and so the FA took action by expelling Preston from the FA Cup in 1884. This created unrivalled levels of controversy in the north of England, and the FA had no choice but to legalise professionalism in 1885, after a great number of northern clubs threatened to form their own football association.
Sudell’s methods of selecting elite Scottish players may have been controversial, but no-one can argue with its effectiveness. After hammering Hyde 26-0 in the FA Cup first round during the 1887/88 season, they then went on to become the first ever English League Champions. As if this wasn’t already an achievement in itself, Preston added the exclamation mark on their dominance within the English game by winning the FA Cup in the same season, and later beat Stoke City 10-0 to record their highest ever league win. North End went down in history from this point as being the original ‘double’ winners, and had certainly set the benchmark for others to follow in the English game.
Fall of the invincibles
Sadly for Preston, others were soon matching the footballing standards that they had set, and this led to increased domestic competition for the club. The Lilywhites still managed to maintain the pressure at the top of the league for a couple of seasons following their famous ‘double’ success. However, things began to go wrong for Preston when a number of their more talented players left the club to earn more money elsewhere.
The Lilywhites had also narrowly survived a relegation play-off with Notts County, shortly before William Sudell left the club. The club was in turmoil, and the cracks in the club’s foundations were left even more exposed after Sudell was subsequently given a three-year prison sentence for embezzling funds from the mill at which he worked to the football club in order to fund players’ wages and expenses. The strain of losing a number of top quality players, and a variety of external pressures damaging the club, finally took its toll in 1901 when the club were relegated.
Despite this setback, Preston were able to regain their top flight status in 1904. However, for the next decade, the club proved to be too strong for opposition in Division Two, but continually battled relegation from Division One.
The club was in need of a break, following the league hopping tag which was beginning to attach itself to Preston North End. The war halted the progression of the English game for a number of years, and many fans hoped that they would soon be watching a rejuvenated Preston side. Despite reaching the FA Cup final in 1922 under the stewardship of Vincent Hayes, the club ultimately repeated their pre-war form and this culminated in relegation in 1925.
Resurgence of Preston North End
Many men took the managers’ hotseat at Deepdale, each hoping to guide North End back to Division One. Neither Frank Richards, Alex Gibson nor Lincoln Hayes were successful in restoring Preston’s top flight status. James Taylor had been an instrumental figurehead at the club for a number of years, but his greatest masterstroke is widely considered to be when he persuaded Ted Harper to swap Tottenham Hotspur for Preston in 1931.
Bill Shankly joined the club from Carlisle United in 1933, and proved to be one of a number of influential signings for North End at this time. Harper almost single-handedly fired Preston North End back into Division One with a record breaking 37 goals in the 1932/33 season. The club as a whole continued to match achievements on the pitch, as Deepdale’s facilities also slowly began to progress.
The Lilywhites were now beginning to perform consistently in the domestic league and were also beaten FA Cup finalists in 1937. However, the team were once again back in the FA Cup final the following season, and made no mistake with their second chance at FA Cup glory. Sadly for Preston, this proved to be their last domestic trophy to date. The team may have gone on to add more silverware to their trophy cabinet had the progression of English football not been halted once more by World War Two. There was cause for optimism though, as at this time, a young Tom Finney was making his way through the ranks at Preston North End.
Post War Preston
Finney eventually made his debut for North End in 1946 at the age of 24. However, the Lilywhites were relegated following a poor 1948/49 season. It was at this time when the legendary Tommy Docherty joined North End from Celtic, and Eddie Quigley broke the British transfer record having signed from Sheffield Wednesday for £26,000. This injection of talent appeared to inspire Preston, and they were soon back in Division One.
After an encouraging season back in the top flight, the Lilywhites almost added a third league title to their collection, but Arsenal managed to steal it from their grasp after a 3-2 victory over Burnley. Preston kept up the domestic pressure, and were able to reach the FA Cup final the following season. However, fate was once again not on the side of the Lancashire club, and the Lilywhites lost a close final 3-2 against West Bromwich Albion.
Cliff Britton took charge of Preston North End in 1956, and oversaw the final few years of Tom Finney’s career. The ageing star was becoming increasingly aware that his playing days were coming to an end, and decided to hang up his boots in 1960, having played 433 games for Preston North End. Finney’s departure also proved to have a detrimental effect on the team’s performances, and they subsequently surrendered their top flight status, which is yet to be regained to this day.
Preston’s youth team products, however, were also showing encouraging signs for the future of the club, as they reached the FA Youth Cup Final against Chelsea. The crowd of 17,764 also set a new record of attendance for a youth team game in the process. In 1961, Cliff Britton realised he could no longer take the club forward, and was replaced by Jimmy Milne.
An era to forget
Milne’s success at the club was not immediate, although he did manage to guide Preston to the FA Cup Final once more in 1964, narrowly losing 3-2 against West Ham United. Howard Kendal also became the youngest ever player to grace the FA Cup Final, at seventeen years of age. Buoyed by the achievement of their team reaching the final, fans were expecting a quick return to the top flight. However, Jimmy Milne proved he wasn’t the man to take them up, after a seven year stint at the club. Bobby Seith took charge in 1968, but North End were relegated in 1970, following a lethal combination of poor form on the pitch, and losing several key players to other clubs.
The Lilywhites were now left stranded in the wilderness of Division Three, the lowest in the club’s history. Alan Ball Sr took charge, and immediately hauled North End back up to Division Two in his first season in charge. His stay at the club proved to be short but sweet, as he left in 1973. The club began to ‘yo-yo’ between Division Two and Three once more, as Preston slowly gained a reputation as a selling club.
This led to the sale of the hugely influential Michael Robinson to Manchester City for a record £765,000 fee. Preston were no longer progressing as a club, and began a shocking period of decline which almost saw them cease to exist. North End were again relegated to Division Three in 1981, later followed by the sacking of former Lilywhites legend, Tommy Docherty.
Although Gordon Lee took charge at the club and briefly halted Preston’s slide down the league, crowds at Deepdale were now sparse, and fans’ confidence in their team had long since disappeared. Conceding 100 goals in the 1984/85 season inevitably saw North End once again face the guillotine, leaving them in the unheard-of territory of Division Four. The Lilywhites’ form was so poor in this division, that they were later forced to apply for re-election after finishing 91st in the football league ladder.
Fortunately this application was successful, and the club promptly laid a new synthetic surface at Deepdale in an attempt to change the team’s fortunes. In the 1986/87 season, North End finished as Division Four Runners-Up. The club now realised that a gradual period of progression was needed, and John McGrath was in charge as Preston began their assault on Division Three.
A formidable side was now beginning to take shape, including Sam Allardyce, John Thomas, Gary Brazil, as well as new signings Brian Mooney and Tony Ellis. Despite the glittering array of talent on offer at Deepdale, the club failed to get out of Division Three. McGrath was soon sacked and Les Chapman took charge in 1990. Unfortunately it was an all too familiar story for North End, as more big name players were sold on to secure financial stability at the club. Form on the pitch was consistently poor, and Chapman seemed certain for the sack. In 1992, Preston’s board duly obliged and Sam Allardyce had a brief role as Preston Caretaker Manager, before John Beck was appointed as full-time boss at the club.
The club’s nightmare stint under Beck was complete, as they were relegated back to the bottom tier in English football. Fans were becoming restless, and the plastic pitch was ripped up and replaced by the traditional grass playing surface. However, this had little effect on the team’s performance, and Beck stepped down as North End Manager in 1994. Gary Peters was next in line to take up the managerial hotseat at Deepdale.
David Beckham joined North End for a month’s loan during the 1994/95 season, and signs were there that the club were not too far away from domestic success.
Continuity at the club
A new sponsorship deal with BAXI, coupled with a number of influential signings, led to a resurgence of Preston North End. The Lilywhites were crowned Division Three Champions after an awe-inspiring 1995/96 campaign, spearheaded by in-form striker Andy Saville. This was followed by the grand opening of the Tom Finney Stand at Deepdale, later re-named the Sir Tom Finney Stand. Continuing the success at the club was now very much the theme in the board’s mind, and new signings including Mark Rankine were brought in to bolster North End’s attack.
Realising that further success was not going to be achieved under Gary Peters, he was soon ushered into his new role as Director for the Centre of Excellence. His successor was a young David Moyes, who would go on to have four very successful years as North End Manager.
The Lilywhites very nearly made it back into English Football’s second tier after a pulsating play-off against Gillingham. The following season, Preston’s form continued and they finished the season as Division Two Champions in April 2000. In December 2000, Preston chose to smash their transfer record by bringing in David Healy from Manchester United for £1,500,000, rising to £1,800,000 depending on appearances. This was a bold move for a club who had not long before, been in a period of financial uncertainty.
Promotion to the Premiership was now becoming a very realistic possibility in 2002, even though the Lilywhites sold Jon Macken to Manchester City, and also lost David Moyes to Everton in the same season. Moyes going to Everton also saw him as the most expensive manager ever at the time, following his compensation package topping £1,000,000.
Craig Brown took over at Preston, but his defensive tactics were never popular with the North End faithful, and he soon left the club in 2004 to be replaced by the charismatic Scot, Billy Davies. Davies proved to be a revelation at the club, and continued Moyes’ good work, by guiding North End to the Play-off Final in 2005 against West Ham United at Cardiff’s Millennium Stadium. Although they were narrowly beaten 1-0 in a tense encounter, Preston were able to again reach the Play-offs the following season.
Davies then unceremoniously left the club in 2006 to join Derby County, after a bitter war of words with Chairman Derek Shaw. Paul Simpson took charge at North End having had previous success at Carlisle United. Preston’s early season form saw them race up the league into the automatic promotion places, with David Nugent providing the majority of the goals. However, notable late pushes from Derby County, Birmingham City and Sunderland, saw North End slip out of contention for promotion in the final few weeks of the season.
David Nugent was then controversially sold to Premiership side Portsmouth for a club record fee, and the pressure was on to find a replacement goal scorer before the start of the 2007/08 campaign. With strikers of Nugent’s quality in short supply, it was no surprise that North End were unable to replace him directly. North End are currently struggling so far this season, and Paul Simpson has recently been sacked following the club’s disastrous run of results including a 3-0 loss away at Hull City.
Everton assistant manager Alan Irvine has now been drafted in as the new boss of Preston North End, as the Lilywhites battle to remain a Championship club.
Outside football [ edit | edit source ]
Sudell worked in a cotton mill, where thanks to his numeracy he quickly worked his way up the ranks eventually he became manager. Α] His military title came from service in the local Volunteer Force rifle unit, a precursor of the Territorial Army. Α] He was initially commissioned as quartermaster in the 11th Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps in August 1874, ⎝] he resigned that commission in February 1879, to take a commission as lieutenant in the same unit. ⎞] He was promoted captain on 23 June 1886, ⎟] and was granted the honorary rank of major on 19 October 1889 the unit had now become part of the 1st Volunteer Battalion of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. ⎠] He retired on 30 July 1892, and was permitted to retain his rank, and continue wearing the battalion's uniform. ⎡]
Embezzlement [ edit | edit source ]
After his time as Preston chairman, in 1895, Sudell was convicted of embezzling thousands of pounds from the cotton mill at which he worked, in order to fund players' wages and expenses, though he did not gain personally. The fraud, totalling £5,326, resulted in a three-year prison sentence. Γ] Upon his release, Sudell emigrated to South Africa. In Cape Town, Sudell enjoyed a successful second career as a popular sports writer and footballing missionary. A member of the editorial staff of the South African News, he became one of the foremost sporting experts in the colony. ⎢] Sudell rebuilt his life. According to this account Sudell became a successful rugby journalist, dying from pneumonia on 5 August 1911. ⎣]
The Forgotten Invincibles: 1888/89 Preston North End
On 15th May 2004 Arsenal’s 2-1 victory over Leicester City secured the Premier League title and a feat not seen in English Football for 115 years. Arsenal’s unbeaten league season was met with widespread praise and the players’ position in English football folklore was cemented. The names of Pires, Vieira, Bergkamp and Reyes will bring back memories of tantalising football and of a time when Arsene Wenger was considered a genius rather than a joke. What was rarely mentioned as Arsenal’s triumph was celebrated was the even more impressive record of Preston North End during the 1888/89 season.
The English Football League’s first season in 1888 saw Preston win both the First Division and FA Cup without losing a game. The initiative of Chairman/Manager William Sudell meant Preston had largely been fielding a professional team in the years preceding 1888. While paying players was against Football Association rules prior to 1885 Sudell would sign talented players from areas like Scotland and employ them in highly paid work within Preston. Preston had considerable success but the procedures of North End and several other Lancashire clubs frustrated clubs who were still abiding by the FA’s insistence on amateurism. North End were expelled from the FA Cup in 1884 after complaints regarding the professionalism of Preston from Upton Park FC. While professionalism was legalised in 1885 there was still no organised national league until 1888. Preston continued to have success including an English record 26-0 win against Hyde in the FA Cup that still remains the largest margin of victory in the history of English football.
As the Football League’s inaugural season began Preston’s squad was composed entirely of players either born in Preston, Scots and a handful of Welshmen. North End’s reliance on Scottish players is shown by the composition of their starting XI in the 1889 FA Cup Final. The team was composed of one Welshmen, four Englishmen and six Scots. Welsh goalkeeper R.H. Mills-Roberts started playing in cup games for Preston in 1887. A fascinating character, Mills-Roberts was house surgeon at Birmingham General Hospital while still on the books at Preston and as a result only played in one league game for Preston during the 1888/89 season. Robert Holmes, R.H. Howarth, Fred Dewhurst were all born in Preston while John Goodall was born in London to Scottish parents. Goodall moved to Scotland when he was 3 years old and spent the majority of his youth north of the border. Preston’s Scottish contingent in the FA Cup final starting XI consisted of John Graham, Alexander Sanders-Robertson, John Gordon, James Ross, Sam Thomson and George Drummond. The majority of the Scots were notably signed years before professionalism was legalised in English football, arousing suspicion amongst other clubs of malpractice at Deepdale.
Preston’s season started with 6 straight wins in dominant fashion. 25 goals were scored in the 6 games, the highlight being a 7-0 win against Stoke. Jimmy Ross and John Goodall’s lethal partnership up front that would define the season was obvious in the early stages of the season. Ross finished with 19 goals in 21 games while Goodall finished with 20 goals in 20 games. 2 draws in the next 4 games were sandwiched outside of a 7-0 demolition away at Notts County and a 5-2 win against Wolves. 4 straight wins were followed by a 2-2 draw against local rivals Burnley. After the disappointing draw with Burnley John Goodall scored in 4 straight wins as North End prepared to clinch the title before the final day. A 2-2 draw with Blackburn preceded a 2-0 win away at Everton before a 2-0 win against Aston Villa on the final day of the season secured Preston’s unbeaten league season. By the time Preston had won the league title the FA Cup had only just completed its first round. Preston’s 3 victories in round 2 (2-0 away at Grimsby), round 3 (2-0 win against Birmingham St.Georges) and the semi-final (1-0 against West Bromwich Albion) were far less impressive than many of their league victories but they still found themselves in the FA Cup final preparing to face Wolverhampton Wanderers at the Kensington Oval.
The Preston XI that lined up at the Oval on 30th March 1889 would have been unaware of the long term significance of their achievement if they were to win the FA Cup and complete the undefeated season. Preston beat Wolves 3-0 through goals from Fred Dewhurst, Jimmy Ross and Sam Thomson. It would have been understandable if contemporaries had presumed that the undefeated season would be a regular occurrence as it had been achieved by a team in the first professional English football season.
Why did Preston’s unbeaten league record stand alone for 115 years? The obvious explanation is that Preston were so far ahead of everyone else by the time professionalism was legalised that other clubs had to play catch up in the first few seasons of professional football. Once other teams had caught up to Preston financially it became harder for teams to build significantly better squads. The introduction of the maximum wage in 1901 also had a monumental role in ensuring Preston’s undefeated season was not repeated. It is no coincidence that the two undefeated teams in English First Division history both played at times in football history when the disparity between the richest teams and the poorest teams was at its highest.
Profiting from the slave trade
Aidan Turner-Bishop has added a comprehensive introduction to the Lancashire slave trade to the Preston Historical Society website, with particular reference to the Preston people, such as the Athertons, who profited from it. Find it here: Aidan Turner-Bishop article
Building a better Preston?
Two articles on Preston council housing have just been put on line. They are both well written and represent a major contribution to the history of the town. The first describes the town’s first council estates developed between the wars. The second tackles the era of high-rise flats.
Preston’s pre-war council housing
Preston’s post-war council housing
Preston trade directories
One of the best sources for anybody interested in the history of Preston are the trade directories published from the early 19th century up until the 1950s. Many of these directories have been put online at the Preston Past and Present Facebook group by Barney Smith. More are promised.
David Berry has now put on line a wonderfully detailed treatment of the infamous 1768 Preston election, which saw Catholic chapels burned amidst the riots that accompanied the Stanleys wresting control of the town’s parliamentary seats from the Corporation. It’s an excellent read.
Listed by Tract Number: (Note: amounts listed in pounds were taken from "Chalkley's" or Orange County Deed Books)
- 1. John Dunlap (622/625 acres—$68.69 in 1745) —295 acres sold to Robert Dunlap, 1761, for £100. (Note: Robert Dunlap was John's nephew, son of his brother Alexander Dunlap, who was apparently the original settler of this land, but died in 1744 prior to its conveyance).
- 2. William Jameson, (170 acres, $20.87).
- 3. Thomas Gilham, (168 acres—$18.86) —sold, 1752, by Thomas (Margaret) Gilham to James Lockridge for same price—resold, 1767, by John Dickenson (Dickinson) to William Thompson for $200.
- 4. Robert Crockett, (370 acres—$41.15) —sold, 1760, by pioneer's sons:—James (Martha) and Robert, Jr. (Janet), both of Mecklenburg County, N. C., to William Thompson for $200—295 acres sold by Thompson, 1767, for $166.67.
- 5. David Davis, (290 acres—$29) —sold, 1749, by Lewis and Patton to John Poage.
- 6. Thomas Weems, (525 acres—$31.10) —sold, 1768, by Thomas (Eleanor) Weems to William Given (Givens) for $723.33.
- 7. Henry Gay — (694 acres —$33.39) — 100 acres sold, 1769, to James Frasier for $33.33.
- 8. Francis Donally, (266 acres—$30.02).
- 9. Robert Gay, (519 acres-$57.89).
- 10. Samuel Hodge (700 acres on Calfpasture, from William Beverley, 13th August, 1743), 350 acres of which was sold by Samuel Hodge and Elizabeth to William Kinkead, ₤20, 21 August, 1765.
- 11. John Miller, (316 acres—$70.08) —sold by John (Ann) Miller to John Ramsey, 1757.
- 12. Loftus Pullin, (252 acres (240?)—$26.92) —sold to James Shaw, 1760, for $30—sold by Shaw to John Ramsey, 1768, for $150.
- 13. Robert Bratton, (834 acres—$96.67) —400 acres sold to James Bratton, 1771, for $133.33.
- 14. James Lockridge, (280 acres—?) —sold by James (Isabella) Lockridge to Andrew Lockridge, 1764, for $66.67.
- 15. John Graham — (696 acres on Great River of Calfpasture, on east side, corner to James Lockridge, corner to Given's land, from James Patton & John Lewis — ₤23.9.6 currency money Virginia, 14th April, 1746), $79.58—150 acres sold to James Graham (son). 1763, for $16.67.
- 16. Robert Gwin (Gwinn), (544 acres—?) —sold by William (Agnes) Gwin to Robert Lockridge, 1766, for $575.
- 17. John Preston, (1,054 acres—$31.15) —520 acres sold by William Preston (and Susanna) to Mary Preston, 1762, for $333.33. The same sold by Mary Preston to Robert Lockridge, 1763, for $366.67.
- 18. William Warrick (Warwick), (1,060 acres—$118.67) —sold, 1745, to John Kincaid.
- 19. James Carlisle — (600 acres on Great River of Calfpasture corner to Jacob Clemens, corner to Wm. Worwick's land black birch black oak and thorn, from James Patton & John Lewis — ₤19.18.4, 2nd April, 1748), $65.39—250 sold, 1753, to John Carlile, and sold by him, 1762, to Thomas Hughart for $166.67—200 acres sold by John (Mary) Carlile to Thomas Adams, 1796, for $391.67.
- 20. Jacob Clements, (457 acres—$51.67) —202 acres sold, 1751, by Jacob (Mary) Clements to John Campbell for $66.67, and sold by John (Ann) Campbell, 1768, to James Carlile for $250.
- 21. John Campbell, (308 acres—$34.17) —208 acres sold by Samuel Campbell to William Lockridge, 1769, for $713.33.
- 22. James Carter, (300 acres—$33.38) —sold to Robert Gay, 1746.
- 23. John Wilson, (600 acres—$66).
Not all the original claimants were actual settlers on the survey, but lived on the Beverly or Borden grants and took lands here for speculation or for their sons. This seems to be the case with Crockett, Davis, Donally, Miller, and Preston. Miller is named as a resident of Albemarle. John Kincaid "Clerk, County of Chester, Pennsylvania" (also referred to as "Rev. John Kincaid), acquired 1,061 acres in the Calfpasture from James Patton and John Lewis on 17 July, 1745. He apparently stayed in Pennsylvania for several years and appears to have sold this land to David Kincaid.
The first deeds were issued mainly in April and July, 1745, and in Orange County. Carlile, Graham, and Weems did not take deeds until 1748.
William Sudell Preston North End - History
PRESTON NORTH END FOOTBALL CLUB
PRESTON NORTH END 1888-1889
Standing: Sudell (Manager), Holmes, Ross, Russell, Howarth, J. Graham and Dr Mills-Roberts.
Seated: Gordon, Ross, J. Goodall, Dewhurst and Drummond.
MANAGER: William SUDDELL
DMF J. GRAHAM
CF J. GOODALL
Captains: Robert Holmes | David Russell | John Goodall
Short Free Kick: John Gordon
Long Free Kick: John Gordon
Free Kick 2: -
Left Corner: Sam Thompson
Right Corner: John Gordon
Penalty: John Goodall
The Football League: Champion
FA Cup: Winner
The Football League was founded in 1888. North End were one of the founder members and went on to make history. In the League's first season (1888-89), North End were inaugural league champions, achieving the feat without losing a match. On top of this, they completed the league and cup 'Double', winning the FA Cup without conceding a single goal, defeating Wolverhampton Wanderers 3-0 in the final. Preston were the first club to achieve the league and cup "Double" and they did so with a majority of their team being made up of "Scotch Professors" - as the professional Scottish players of the time were known.
Preston Guardian digest 1891-1905
The introduction and digest below were written by Henry Kirby. Errors may have crept in as the result of OCR processing from a poor quality photocopy of the original typescript.
This list of articles and news items lays no claim to completeness. It simply records a collection of readings that have been of interest to the compiler. In the main, the readings concern the changing topographical scene in Preston, references to the town’s strong Free Church tradition, and its historic links with the Temperance and Teetotal Movement. It also includes items of interest that may not be conveniently found elsewhere.
The words ”(and subsequent)” following an item indicate that in the week, or weeks, following a certain date, other articles sometimes at length, on the same subject may be found. Occasionally, more than one reference may be found to a subject listed in any one week’s newspaper.
It must not be assumed that in every case proposed ventures (such as the Public Hall in 1844) necessarily came to fruition. It must also be noted that in a few cases (such as John Wesley’s connections with Bilsborrow, recorded in 1898) the information given may be inaccurate, or, at least, questionable. The reference given is that quoted in the newspaper and it may not always be correct.
The left hand column of dates are those of the newspaper and not the dates of the events described.
Preston North End 1888-93
Judging the quality of football teams and footballer players who operated prior to the advent of television is notoriously tricky for of course, we have no visual evidence on which to rely. We have to go by the memories of those who can still recall those days, from the books, the newspapers and perhaps the flickering newsreels of the day.
But if that’s tough, then reckoning on pre-war sides is tougher yet. What about pre-pre-war though? Or the inter-Boer War years? We may not know a huge amount about the way they played, but what we can tell is just who was the best and for a five or six year period from the late 1880s onwards, just as organised football was taking its grip, Preston North End were the boys. After all, they weren’t called the Invincibles for nothing. Even now, after near 50 years of non-achievement in the post Tom Finney years, such was their early success that North End are still rated as the fifth most successful English football club on a domestic level.
Not only that, but they revolutionised the game, pretty much creating professional football in England, taking the game away from the amateurs at the Football Association and the early FA Cup winners such as Wanderers, Old Etonians and the Royal Engineers. When Preston got down to business, they were in it to win it.
Under the leadership of Major William Sudell, they were the Manchester City of their day, swiftly assembling a team of all the talents, happily coughing up the wages and being expelled from the 1884 FA Cup after being accused of “professionalism”. Thirty-six other clubs, largely in the north, protested and so, a year later, the FA recognised the professional game.
Preston’s main hunting ground was Scotland, their team being built around the likes of Nick and Jimmy Ross, Geordie Drummond, David Russell and the legendary John Goodall who, though born in London, learnt the passing game in Scotland after his family moved north. Brought back to England, he was a revelation and the basis of the team that was all but unstoppable.
Their peerless period began in the 1887/88 season. They beat Hyde United 26-0 in the first round of the FA Cup, still the competition record, and progressed serenely to the final, beating Bolton Wanderers 9-1, Halliwell 4-0, Aston Villa and Sheffield Wednesday both 3-1 and Crewe Alexandra 4-0. The final at The Oval was against West Bromwich Albion, and so confident were Preston of winning it that they asked the referee if, to save time afterwards when they’d want to be heading home, they could be pictured with the trophy before the game. “Hadn’t you better win it first?” came the reply, and the referee was pretty shrewd in his judgement as Preston lost 2-1.
But no matter. That humiliation brought the club back to earth and there was a collective realisation that their results were won on performances, not reputations. The inaugural season of the Football League gave Preston the opportunity to show their worth, and they did just that. The best team in the land right from the off, they simply decimated the opposition in the league season that ran from September through to the end of January. The 12 team league saw them play 22 fixtures. They won 18 of them, drew the other four and, in the days of two points for a win, won the title by a massive 11 points and at a stroll, their use of the “Scottish style” weaving rings around the rest.
The league won, it cleared the way for the FA Cup to begin in February. Bootle, Grimsby and Birmingham St George’s were beaten on the way to a meeting with West Bromwich Albion in the semi-finals, where revenge was served cold in the shape of a 1-0 win. It was back to The Oval for the final, against midlands opposition again, but this time there was no arrogance before the game and Wolves were seen off, 3-0, to complete a perfect season – the double and an unbeaten fixture list.
Such dominance required other teams to up their game and many followed the Preston route north to find fresh talent, or simply paid more to rival clubs in England to have the pick of their players. Consequently, the league fight was altogether closer the following year, but Preston retained their title in the end, two points ahead of Everton, but losing four games this time. Signs that the others were catching were also seen in the FA Cup, where they were defeated by Bolton Wanderers in the third round.
Preston’s purple patch continued over the next three seasons where they were the runners up on each occasion, once to Everton, twice to Sunderland, reaching the FA Cup semi-finals in 1893 where they were beaten by Everton, Sudell losing control of the club in that same year.
The loss of their driving force was significant of course, but in the end, it was the identity of those clubs that gave the biggest clue as to why the Preston era was ultimately doomed. Bigger cities taking a bigger interest in the professional game, pulling in bigger crowds, thereby creating bigger resources and overtaking smaller provincial towns such as Preston. By 1901, North End were struggling to keep up and were relegated from the top flight, caught out by the financial conundrum they’ve been trying to resolve pretty much ever since.